Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
 
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Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2008) 07, 144 - 150
Research article
Comparing the Effects of Various Whole-Body Vibration Accelerations on Counter-Movement Jump Performance
David M. Bazett-Jones, Holmes W. Finch, Eric L. Dugan

Ball State University, Muncie, IN, USA

David M. Bazett-Jones
✉ Neuromechanics Laboratory, P.O. Box 413, University of Wisconsin — Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI, 53201-0413, USA
Email: bazettj2@uwm.edu

Received:
25-07-2007 -- Accepted: 14-01-2008 --
Published (online): 01-03-2008

ABSTRACT

While it seems that whole body vibration (WBV) might be an effective modality to enhance physical performance, the proper prescription of WBV for performance enhancement remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare the immediate effect of various WBV accelerations on counter movement jump (CMJ) height, the duration of any effect, and differences between men and women. Forty-four participants (33 men, 11 women) participated in no less than four CMJ familiarization sessions and completed all vibration sessions. Participants performed a pre-test (three maximal CMJs), followed randomly by one of five WBV accelerations; 1g (no-WBV control), 2.16g, 2.80g, 4.87g, and 5.83g. Participants performed three maximal CMJs immediately, five, and 10 minutes following each 45 sec WBV session. The mean of the three performances was used and calculated as a percentage of the pre-vibration mean value. A Repeated Measures Analysis of Variance (ANOVA; acceleration x time x gender) model was used to analyze the data. The two-way interactions of acceleration-gender (p = 0.033) and time-gender (p = 0.050) were significant. Women performed significantly better following the 2.80g (p = 0.0064) and 5.83g (p = 0. 0125) WBV sessions compared to the 1g (control) session. Men, however, did not experience performance enhancing effects following any of the vibration sessions. While significant differences did not occur between time in either gender, the effects of the 45 sec WBV session in women were transient, lasting approximately five minutes. During the prescription of WBV, gender should be considered given that the results of this study seem to indicate that men and women respond differently to WBV. The results of this study suggest that WBV might be a useful modality as applied during the pre-competition warm-up.

Key words: Vertical jump, frequency, amplitude, gender
Key Points
WBV accelerations of 2.80g (40 Hz, 2-4 mm) and 5.83g (50 Hz, 4-6 mm) seem to elicit a performance enhancement effect following short-duration (45 sec) exposure in untrained women.
The performance enhancement effect of a short-duration is transient, lasting less than 10 minutes following exposure.
Men and women might differ in their response to the WBV stimulus, as measured by countermovement jump.

 


  

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