Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine ( 2013 ) 12 , 232 - 239

Research article
Effects of A 6-Week Junior Tennis Conditioning Program on Service Velocity
Jaime Fernandez-Fernandez1,2, , Todd Ellenbecker3,4, david Sanz-Rivas2,5, Alexander Ulbricht1, lexander Ferrautia1
Author Information
1 Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany;
2 Tennis Performance Research Group, Madrid, Spain;
3 Physiotherapy Associates, Scottsdale Sports Clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona, USA;
4 Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) World Tour, Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida, USA;
5 Royal Spanish Tennis Federation (RFET), Madrid, Spain

Jaime Fernandez-Fernandez
‚úČ Ruhr Universit√§t Bochum; Trainingswissenschaft, Gesundheitscampus 12, 44801 Bochum, Germany.
Email: Jaime.fernandez-fernandez@rub.de
Publish Date
Received: 13-07-2012
Accepted: 18-09-2012
Published (online): 01-06-2013
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ABSTRACT

This study examined the effects of a 6-week strength-training program on serve velocity in youth tennis players. Thirty competitive healthy and nationally ranked male junior tennis players (13 years of age) were randomly and equally divided into control and training groups. The training group performed 3 sessions (60-70 min) weekly for 6 weeks, comprising core strength, elastic resistance and medicine ball exercises. Both groups (control and training) also performed a supervised stretching routine at the end of each training session, during the 6 week intervention. Service velocity, service accuracy and shoulder internal/external rotation were assessed initially and at the end of the 6-week conditioning program for both, control and training groups. There was a significant improvement in the serve velocity for the training group (p = 0. 0001) after the intervention, whereas in the control group there were no differences between pre and post-tests (p = 0.29). Serve accuracy was not affected in the training group (p = 0.10), nor in the control group (p = 0.15). Shoulder internal/external rotation ROM significantly improved in both groups, training (p = 0.001) and control (p = 0.0001). The present results showed that a short- term training program for young tennis players, using minimum equipment and effort, can result in improved tennis performance (i.e., serve velocity) and a reduction in the risk of a possible overuse injury, reflected by an improvement in shoulder external/internal range of motion.

Key words: tennis, strength, flexibility, service, performance


           Key Points
  • A short-term training program for young tennis players, using minimum equipment and effort, can result in improved tennis performance and a reduction in the risk of a possible overuse injury, reflected by an improvement in shoulder external/internal range of motion
  • A combination of core stabilization, elastic resistance exercises, and upper body plyometric exercises (i.e., medicine ball throws), focussing on the primary muscle groups and stabilizers involved in tennis specific movement patterns, could be appropriate for development tennis players
  • Stretching exercises are recommended in the cool-down phase following matches or training sessions.
 
 
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