Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
from September 2014
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine ( 2013 ) 12 , 316 - 322

Research article
Tennis Training Sessions as a Rehabilitation Instrument for Patients after Acute Myocardial Infarction
Juan P. F. García1, , Víctor M. A. Giraldo2, José J. G. Barrado2, César D. Casasola1
Author Information
1 Extremadura University, Cáceres, Spain
2 San Pedro de Alcántara Hospital, Cáceres, Spain

Juan P. F. García
✉ Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte de la Universidad de Extremadura, Campus Universitario S/N, 10071 Cáceres, SPAIN
Publish Date
Received: 31-08-2012
Accepted: 08-11-2012
Published (online): 01-06-2013
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The aims of this study were to measure the effects of a cardiac rehabilitation program based on a modification of a sport (tennis) on quality of life, on various laboratory test parameters and on an exercise stress test, and to determine if the results of this novel activity are equivalent to those of traditional programs (i.e., the use of the bicycle ergometer). The sample consisted of 79 patients with a low-risk acute coronary syndrome. They were divided into three groups: two experimental groups and one control group. One of the experimental groups used the bicycle ergometer as its main physical activity, whereas the other received training in a modified form of tennis lesson. By the end of the 3-month program, triglycerides, cholesterol LDL, cholesterol HDL, (-25 mg·dl-1 and 32.3 mg·dl-1 final, and 15.7 mg·dl-1 and 23.3 mg·dl-1 LDL final, respectively) and exercise capacity improved significantly (by 1.1 metabolic equivalents (METs) and 1.2 METs, respectively), in both experimental groups. We conclude that the application of a comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation program in patients with low-risk acute coronary syndrome based on a program of modified tennis improves exercise tolerance and metabolic parameters, as well as certain physical characteristics that reduce cardiovascular risk.

Key words: Tennis, exercise, cardiovascular diseases, cardiac rehabilitation, acute coronary syndrome

           Key Points
  • Cardiac rehabilitation of low risk patients with acute coronary syndrome based on a program of modified tennis produces an improvement in quality of life, lipid profiles and in exercise tolerance
  • A cardiac rehabilitation program based on a modification of tennis produces favourable changes in various anthropometric parameters related to the reduction of cardiovascular risk
  • The development of programs of cardiac rehabilitation based on modified versions of various sports would advantage the adherence to physical exercise.
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