Table 19. Physiological characteristics of the study groups before and after 18-week intervention (Study 3). Values are means (SE).

Variables

Endurance group (n = 12)

Strength group (n = 12)

Control group (n = 11)

ANOVA

 

Baseline

18wk

Baseline

18wk

Baseline

18wk

Group

Time

Interaction

HR at rest
(bpm)

66
(3)

62
(3)

66
(4)

64
(3)

69
(2)

67
(2)

.809

.046

.530

Peak HR
(bpm)

135
(4)

123
(4)

140
(3)

135
(6)

130
(7)

121
(5)

.144

.002

.478

SBP at rest
(mmHg)

174
(15)

164
(16)

184
(15)

167
(14)

182
(15)

167 (15)

.577

<.001

.597

DBP at rest
(mmHg)

83
(3)

80
(2)

80
(3)

78
(3)

84
(2)

81
(2)

.971

.054

.550

Peak power
(W)

61.1
(3.2)

61.9 (3.2)

68.1
(3.1)

70.3 (4.1)

64.5
(4.3)

58.2 (3.9)

.972

.208

.077 a

Peak power
(Wkg-1)

.91
(.04)

.93
(.06)

1.02
(.05)

1.05 (.07)

.98
(.07)

.88
(.06)

.260

.490

.053 b

VO2peak
(lmin-1)

1.15
(.05)

1.20
(.06)

1.21
(.07)

1.27
(.06)

1.15
(.08)

1.10
(.05)

.728

.706

.477

VO2peak
(mlkg-1min-1)

17.1
(.1)

18.2 (.1)

18.1
(.1)

19.7 (.1)

17.3
(.1)

16.9 (.1)

.364

.102

.207

RER

.88
(.06)

.93
(.09)

.94
(.11)

.93
(.93

.89
(.07)

.89
(.08)

.297

.351

.335

Abbreviations: HR, heart rate; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; VO2peak, peak oxygen uptake; RER, respiratory exchange ratio; ANOVA, analysis of variance.