Alberty, M., Potdevin, F., deKerle, J., Pelayo, P., Gorce, P. and Sidney, M. (2008) Changes in swimming technique during time to exhaustion at freely chosen and controlled stroke rates. Journal of Sports Sciences 26(11), 1191-1200.

AOCRA. (2000) Level 1 coaching manual Australian Outrigger Canoe Racing Association. Maroochydore, Australia: Batini Books.

Chollet, D., Pelayo, P., Delaplace, C. and Tourny, C. (1997) Stroking characteristic variations in the 100 m freestyle for male swimmers of differing skill. Perceptual and Motor Skills 85(August), 167-177.

Dawson, R.G., Lockwood, R.J., Wilson, J.D. and Freeman, G. (1998) The rowing cycle: Sources of variance and invariance in ergometer and on-the-water performance. Journal of Motor Behaviour 30(1), 33-43.

Elliott, B., Lyttle, A. and Birkett, O. (2002) The RowPerfect Ergometer: A training aid for on-water single scull rowing. Sports Biomechanics 1(2), 123-134.

Fritzdorf, S.G., Hibbs, A. and Kleshnev, V. (2009) Analysis of speed, stroke rate, and stroke distance for world-class breaststroke swimming. Journal of Sports Sciences 27(4), 373-378.

Ho, S.R., Smith, R. and O’Meara, D. (2009) Biomechanical analysis of dragon boat paddling: A comparison of elite and sub-elite paddlers. Journal of Sports Sciences 27(1), 37-47.

Holmes, T. (1996) The Hawaiian Canoe. Honolulu, Hawaii: Editions Limited.

Howell, D.W. (1984) Musculoskeletal profile and incidence of musculoskeletal injuries in lightweight women rowers. American Journal of Sports Medicine 12(4), 278-282.

Karlson, K.A. (2000) Rowing injuries. Identifying and treating musculoskeletal and nonmusculoskeletal conditions. The Physician and Sportsmedicine 28(4), 40-50.

Kizer, K.W. (1987) Medical aspects of white-water kayaking. The Physician and Sportsmedicine 15(7), 128-137.

Laffite, L.P., Vilas-Boas, J.P., Demarle, A., Silva, J., Fernandes, R. and Billat, V.L. (2004) Changes in physiological and stroke parameters during a maximal 400 m free swimming test in elite swimmers. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology 29(suppl.), S17-S31.

Martin, T. P. and Bernfield, J. S. (1980) Effect of stroke rate on velocity of a rowing shell. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 12(4), 250-256.

McGregor, A.H., Patankar, Z.S. and Bull, A.M.J. (2005) Spinal kinematics in elite oarswomen during a routine physiological “step test”. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 37(6), 1014-1020.

O’Sullivan, F., O’Sullivan, J., Bull, A.M.J. and McGregor, A.H. (2003) Modelling multivariate biomechanical measurements of the spine during a rowing exercise. Clinical Biomechanics 18(6), 488-493.

Pelham, T.W., Burke, D.G. and Holt, L.E. (1992) The flatwater canoe stroke. National Strength and Conditioning Association Journal 14(1), 6-8, 86-90.

Plagenhoef, S. (1979) Biomechanical analysis of Olympic flatwater kayaking and canoeing. Research Quarterly 50(3), 443-459.

Reid, D.A. and McNair, P.J. (2000) Factors contributing to low back pain in rowers. British Journal of Sports Medicine 34(5), 321-322.

Sanders, R.H. and Kendal, S.J. (1992) A description of Olympic flatwater kayak stroke technique. The Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 24(1), 25-30.

Sealey, R.M., (2009) Outrigger canoe coaching survey 2009 report to the Australian Outrigger Canoe Racing Association. James Cook University, Australia.

Sealey, R.M., Spinks, W.L., Leicht, A.S. and Sinclair, W.H. (2010) Identification and reliability of pacing strategies in outrigger canoeing ergometry. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 13(2), 241-246.

Seifert, L. and Chollet, D. (2005) A new index of flat breaststroke propulsion: A comparison of elite men and women. Journal of Sports Sciences 23(3), 309-320.

Shephard, R.J. (1987) Science and medicine of canoeing and kayaking. Sports Medicine 4(1), 19-33.

Soper, C. and Hume, P.A. (2004) Towards an ideal rowing technique for performance: The contributions from biomechanics. Sports Medicine 34(12), 825-848.

Stanton, R. (1998) Injury patterns and strength training habits of Australian outrigger canoe paddlers. Strength and Conditioning Coach 6(4), 7-11.

Stanton, R. (1999) Strength training for outrigger canoe paddlers. National Strength and Conditioning Association 21(2), 28-32.

Stanton, R., Evans, G., Dascombe, B. and Peddle, M. (2001) Biometric and biomechanical correlates to outrigger canoe paddling. (Unpublished personal communications).

Steer, R.R., McGregor, A.H. and Bull, A.M.J. (2006) A comparison of kinematics and performance measures of two rowing ergometers. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 5(1), 52-59.

Thompson, K.G., Haljand, R. and MacLaren, D.P. (2000) An analysis of selected kinematic variables in national and elite male and female 100 m and 200 m breaststoke swimmers. Journal of Sports Sciences 18(6), 421-431.

Toussaint, H.M., Carol, A., Kranenborg, H. and Truijens, M.J. (2006) Effect of fatigue on stroking characteristics in an arms-only 100 m front crawl race. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 38(9), 1635-1642.

West, S. (2006) The paddler’s guide to outrigger canoeing. Maroochydore, Australia: Batini Books & KC Publishing.