American Academy of Paediatrics. (1976) Fitness in the preschool child.
Pediatrics 1, 88-89.
American Academy of Pediatrics. (2000) Intensive training and sports specialization
in young athletes. Pediatricsournal?st 5 references below)iting
style according to JSSM' 106, 154-157.
Armstrong, L. and VanHeest, L. (2002) The unknown mechanism of the overtraining
syndrome - clues from depression and psychoneuroimmunology. Sports
Medicine 32, 185-209.
Armstrong, N. and Welsman, J. (2002) Young people and physical activity.
Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Armstrong, N. and Welsman, J.R. (1993) Training young athletes. In: Coaching
children in sport. Ed: Lee, M. Spon, London. 64-77.
Astrand, P., Rodahl, K., Dahl, H. and Stromme, S. (2003) Textbook of
work physiology: Physiological bases of exercise. Human Kinetics,
Baquet, G., Berthoin, S., Dupont, G., Blondel, N., Fabre, C. and Van Praagh,
E, (2002) Effects of high intensity intermittent training on peak VO2
in prepubertal children. International Journal of Sports Medicine
Baquet, G., Van-Praagh, E. and Berthoin, S. (2003) Endurance training
and aerobic fitness in young people. Sports Medicine 33,
Barnett, C., Carey, M., Proietto, J., Cerin, E., Febbraio, M. and Jenkins,
D. (2004) Muscle metabolism during sprint exercise in man: Influence of
sprint running. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 7,
Baxter-Jones, A.G. and Helms, P. (1993) The development of aerobic power
in young athletes. Journal of Applied Physiology 775, 1160-1167.
Baxter-Jones, A. and Mundt, C. (2007) The young athlete. In: Paediatric
exercise physiology - Advances in sport and exercise science series.
Ed: Armstrong, N. Churchill Livingston Elsevier, Philadelphia. 299-324
Baxter-Jones, A., Helms, P., Maffulli, N., Baines-Preece, J. and Preece,
M. (1995) Growth and development of male gymnasts, swimmers, soccer and
tennis Players: A longitudinal study. Annals of Human Biology 22,
Bencke, J., Damsgaard, R., Saekmose, A., Jorgensen, P., Jorgensen, K.
and Klausen, K. (2002) Anaerobic power and muscle strength characteristics
of 11 year old elite and non-elite boys and girls from gymnastics, team
handball, tennis and swimming. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and
Science in Sports 12, 171-178.
Birrer, R.B. and Levine, R. (1987) Performance parameters in children
and adolescent athletes. Sports Medicine 4, 211-27.
Blimkie, C. (1992) Resistance training during pre- and early puberty:
efficacy, trainability, mechanisms and persistence. Canadian Journal
of Sports Science 117, 264-279.
Blimkie, C. and Bar-Or, O. (1996) Trainability of muscle strength, power
and endurance during childhood. In: The child and adolescent athlete.
. Ed: Bar-Or, O. Blackwell Science Oxford, 113-128.
Blimkie, C., Martin, J., Ramsay, J., Sale, D. and Macdougall, D. (1989)
The Eefects of detraining and maintenance weight training on strength
development in prepubertal boys. Canadian Journal of Sports Science
Blimkie, C., Rice, S. and Webber, C. (1996) Effects of resistance training
on bone mineral content and density in adolescent females. Canadian
Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 774, 1025-1033.
Blimkie, C., Rice, S., Webber, C., Martin, J., Levy, D. and Gordon, C.
(1993) Effects of resistance training on bone mass and density in adolescent
females. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 25, 183-197.
Blimkie, C. and Sale, D. (1998) Strength development and trainability
during childhood. In: Pediatric anaerobic performance. Ed: Van
Praagh, E. Human Kinetics, Champaign. 193-224.
Boisseau, N. and Delamarche, P. (2000) Metabolic and hormonal responses
to exercise in children and adolescents. Sports Medicine 30,
Borms, J. (1986) The child and exercise: an overview. Journal of Sports
Science 4, 3-20.
Bosh, A. (2006) Exercise science and coaching: Correcting common misunderstandings
about endurance exercise. International Journal of Sports Science and
Coaching 1, 77-87.
Bouchard, C., Dionne, F., Simoneau, J. and Boulay, M. (1992) Genetics
of aerobic and anaerobic performances. Exercise and Sport Science Reviews
Budget, R. (1998) Fatigue and underperformance in athletes: The overtraining
syndrome. British Journal of Sports Medicine 332, 107-110.
Chilibeck, P., Calder, A. and Sale, D. (1998) A comparison of strength
and muscle mass increases during resistance training in young women. European
Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology 77, 170-175.
Coakley, J. (1992) Burnout among adolescent athletes: A personal failure
or social problem? Sociology of Sport Journal 99, 271-285.
Coutts, A., Murphy, A. and Dascombe, B. (2004) Effect of direct supervision
of a strength coach on measures of muscular strength and power in young
rugby league players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Coyle, E. (2005) Improved muscular efficiency displayed as Tour de France
champion matures. Journal of Applied Physiology 998, 2191-2196.
Daniels, J., Oldridge, N., Nagle, F. and White, B. (1978) Differences
and changes in VO2 among young runners 10 to 18 years of age. Medicine
and Science in Sports and Exercise 110, 200-203.
Danis, A., Kyriazis, Y. and Klissouras, V. (2003) The effect of training
in male prepubertal and pubertal monozygotic twins. European Journal
of Applied Physiology 89, 309-318.
DeMaria, A.N., Neumann, A., Schubart, P., Lee, G. and Mason, D.T. (1979)
Systematic correlation of cardiac chamber size and ventricular performance
determined with echocardiography and alterations in heart rate in normal
persons. American Journal of Cardiology 43, 1-9.
Eriksson, B., Gollnick, P. and Saltin, B. (1973) Muscle metabolism and
enzyme activities after training in boys 11-13 years old. Acta Physiologica
Scandinavia 887, 485-497.
Eriksson, B. and Koch, G. (1973) Effect of physical training on hemodynamic
response during submaximal and maximal exercise in 11-13 Year Old Boys.
Acta Physiologica Scandinavia 887, 27-39.
Fahey, T.D., Del Valle-Zuris, A., Oehlsen, G., Trieb, M. and Seymour,
J. (1979) Pubertal stage differences in hormonal and hematological responses
to maximal exercise in males. Journal of Applied Physiology 46,
Faigenbaum, A, (2000) Strenth training for children and adolescents. Clinics
in Sports Medicine 19, 593-619.
Falk, B. and Tenembaum, G. (1996) The effectiveness of resistance training
in children. Sports Medicine 22, 176-186.
Faria, I.E., Faria, E.W., Roberts, S. and Yoshimura, D. (1989) Comparison
of physical and physiological characteristics in elite young and mature
cyclists. Research Quaterly for Exercise and Sport 660,
Faust, M. (1977) Somatic development of adolescent girls. Monographs
of the Society for Research in Child Development 12, 3-7.
Fleck, S. and Falkel, J. (1986) Value of resistance training for the reduction
of sports injuries. Sports Medicine 3, 61-68.
Fournier, M., Ricci, J., Taylor, A., Ferguson, R., Montpetit, R. and Chaitman,
B. (1982) Skeletal muscle adaptation in adolescent boys: Sprint and endurance
training and detraining. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Fry, R., Morton, A. and Keast, D. (1991) Overtraining in athletes - An
update. Sports Medicine 112, 32-65.
Fukunaga, T., Funato, K and Ikegawa, S. (1992) The effects of resistance
training on muscle area and strength in prepubertal age. Annals of
Physiology and Anthropology 11, 357-364.
Gleeson, M., McDonald, W., Pyne, D., Cripps, A., Francis, L., Fricker,
P. and Clancy, R. (1999) Salivary IgA levels and infection risk in elite
swimmers. Medicine and Science in Sports 31, 67-73.
Gleeson, M. and Pyne, D. (2000) Exercise effects on mucosal immunity.
Immunology and Cell Biology 778, 536-544.
Gould, D. and Eklund, R. (1991) The application of sport psychology for
performance of optimization. Thai Journal of Sports Science 1,
Haffor, A., Harrison, A. and Kirk, P. (1990) Anaerobic threshold alterations
caused by interval training in 11-year-olds. Journal of Sports Medicine
and Physical Fitness 30, 53-56.
Hanna, E.A. (1979) Potential sources of anxiety and depression associated
with athletic competition. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology
Haralambie, G. (1982) Enzyme activities in skeletal muscle of 13-15 years
old adolescents. Bulletin Européen Pyhsiopathologie Respiratoire
Hawley, J. and Williams, M. (1991) Relationship between upper body anaerobic
power and freestyle swimming performance. International Journal of
Sports Medicine 12, 1-5.
Hayward, C., Webb, C. and Collins, P. (2001) Effects of sex hormones on
cardiac Mass. Lancet 357, 1354-1356.
Hedelin, R., Kentta, G., Wiklund, U., Bjerle, P. and Henriksson-Larsen,
K. (2000) Short-term overtraining: effects on performance, circulatory
responses, and heart rate variability. Medicine and Science in Sports
and Exercise 332, 1480-1484.
Hejna, W. and Rosenberg, A. (1982) The Prevention of sports injuries in
high school students through strength training. National Strength Coaches
Association Journal 4, 28-31.
Hoffman, J. (2002) Physiological aspects of sport training and performance.
Human Kinetics, Champaign
Hollander, D., Meyers, M. and LeUnes, A. (1995) Psychological factors
associated with overtraining: implications for youth sport coaches. Journal
of Sport Behaviour 118, 3-17.
Holloszy, J. and Coyle, E. (1984) Adaptations of skeletal muscle to endurance
exercise and their metabolic consequences. Journal of Applied Physiology
Respiratory Environmental & Exercise Physiology 556, 831-838.
Hooper, S., Mackinnon, L., Howard, A., Gordon, R. and Bachman, A. (1995)
Markers for monitoring overtraining and recovery. Medicine and Science
in Sports and Exercise 227, 106-112.
Ikai, M. and Fukunaga, T. (1970) A study on training effect on strength
per unit cross-sectional area of muscle by means of Ultrasonic measurement.
Intern Z Angew Physiologica 228, 173-80.
Ingle, L., Sleap, M. and Tolfrey, K. (2006) The effect of complex training
and detraining programme on selected strength and power variables in early
pubertal boys. Journal of Sports Science 224, 987-997.
Jacobs, I., Sjodin, B. and Svanne, B. (1982) Muscle fibre type, cross-sectional
area and strength in boys after 4 years' endurance training. Medicine
and Science in Sports 114, 123.
Janz, K., Dawson, J. and Mahoney, L. (2000) Predicting heart growth during
puberty :The Muscatine study. Pediatrics 105, E63.
Jones, A. (2006) The physiology of the world record holder for the Women's
marathon. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching
Jones, A. and Carter, H. (2000) The effect of endurance training on parameters
of aerobic fitness. Sports Medicine 229, 373-86.
Katch, V. (1983) Physical conditioning of children. Journal of Adolescence
Health Care 3, 241-246.
Kentta, G. and Hassmen, P. (1998) Overtraining and recovery - A conceptual
model. Sports Medicine 26, 1-16.
Kentta, G., Hassmen, P. and Raglin, J. (2001) Training practices and overtraining
syndrome in Swedish age-group athletes. International Journal of Sports
Medicine 22, 460-465
Kentta, G., Hassmen, P. and Raglin, J. (2006) Mood state monitoring of
training and recovery in elite Kayakers. European Journal of Sports
Science 6, 245-253.
Kirwan, J.P., Costill, D.L., Flynn, M.G., Mitchell, J.B., Fink, W.J.,
Neufer, P.D. and Houmard, J.A. (1988) Physiological responses to successive
days of intense training in competitive swimmers. Medicine and Science
in Sports and Exercise 220, 255-259.
Knuttgen, H. and Kraemer, W. (1987) Terminology and measurements in exercise
performance. Journal of Applied Sports Science Research 1,
Kobayashi, K., Kitamura, K., Miura, M., Sodeyama, H., Murase, Y., Miyashita,
M. and Matsui, H. (1978) Aerobic power as related to body growth and training
in Japanese boys: A longitudinal study. Journal of Applied Physiology
Kraemer, W., Fry, A., Frykman, P., Conroy, B. and Hoffman, J. (1989) Resistance
training in youth. Pediatric Exercise Science 11, 336-350.
Krahenbuhl, G., Morgan, D. and Pangranzi, R. (1989) Longitudinal changes
in distance-running performance of young males. International Journal
of Sports Medicine 10, 92-96.
Kreider, R., Fry, A. and O'Toole, M. (1998) Overtraining in Sport.
Human Kinetics, Champaign
Kuno, S., Takahashi, H. and Fujimoto, K. (1995) Muscle metabolism during
exercise using phosphorus31 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in
adolescents. European Journal of Applied Physiology 70,
Lehmann, M., Foster, C., Dickhuth, H.H. and Gastmann, U. (1998) Autonomic
imbalance hypothesis and overtraining syndrome. Medicine and Science
in Sports and Exercise 30, 1140-1145.
Lehmann, M., Schnee, W., Scheu, R., Stockhausen, W. and Bachl, N. (1992)
Decreased nocturnal catecholamine excretion: Parameter for an overtraining
syndrome in athletes? International Journal of Sports Medicine
Lehnhard, R., Lehnhard, H. and Young, R. (1996) Monitoring injuries on
a College coccer team: The effect of strength training. Journal of
Strength and Conditioning Research 110, 115-119.
Magel, J., Guido, F., McArdle, W., Gutin, B., Pechar, G. and Katch, F.
(1974) Specificity of swim training on maximum oxygen uptake. Journal
of Applied Physiology 38, 151-155.
Mahieu, N., Witvrouw, E., Van de Voorde, D., Michildsens, D., Arbyn, V.
and Vvan den Broecke, W. (2006) Improving strength and postural control
in young skiers: Whole-body vibration versus equivalent resistance training.
Journal of Athletic Training 41, 286-293.
Malina, R. and Bouchard, C. (1991) Growth, maturation and physical
Activity. Human Kinetics, Champaign
Maso, F., Lac, G., Filaire, E., Michaux, O. and Robert, A. (2004) Salivary
testosterone and cortisol in rugby players: correlation with psychological
overtraining items. British Journal of Sports Medicine 38,
Massicotte, D.R. and Macnab, R.B. (1974) Cardiorespiratory adaptations
to training at specified intensities in children. Medicine and Science
in Sports and Exercise 66, 242-246.
McArdle, W., Katch, F. and Katch, V. (2000) Training the anaerobic and
aerobic energy systems. In: Essentials of Exercise Physiology.
Ed: McArdle W, Katch F.,V. K. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
McManus, A., Armstrong, N. and Williams, C. (1997) Effect of training
on the aerobic power and anaerobic performance of prepubertal girls. Acta
Paediatrica 86, 456-459.
Meesuen, R., Duclos, M., Gleeson, M., Rietjens, G., Steinacker, J. and
Urhausen, A. (2006) Prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the overtraining
syndrome. European Journal of Sports Science 6, 1-14.
Mero, A., Jaakkola, L. and Komi, P. (1991) Relationships between muscle
fibre characteristics and physical performance capacity in trained athletics
boys. Journal of Sports Science 9, 161-171.
Mero, A., Jaakkola, L. and Komi, P. (1990) Serum hormones and physical
performance capacity in young boy athletes during a 1 year training period.
European Journal of Applied Physiology 660, 32-37.
Mersh, F. and Stoboy, H. (1989) Strength training and muscle hypertrophy
in children. In: Children and Exercise XIII.Ed: Oseid S, and Carlsen
K. Human Kinetics, Champaign. 165-182.
Morgan, W., Brown, D., Raglin, J., O'Connor, P. and Ellickson, K. (1987a)
psychological monitoring of overtraining and staleness. British Journal
of Sports Medicine 21, 107-114.
Morgan, W., Costill, D., Flynn, M., Raglin, J. and O'Connor, P. (1988a)
Mood disturbance followed increased training in swimmers. Medicine
and Science in Sports and Exercise 20, 408-414
Morgan, W., O'Connor, P., Ellickson, K. and Bradley, P. (1988b) Personality
structure, mood states, and performance in elite male distance runners.
International Journal of Sports Medicine 19, 247-263.
Morgan, W.P., O'Connor, P.J., Sparling, P.B. and Pate, R.R. (1987b) Psychological
characterization of the elite female distance runner. International
Journal of Sports Medicine 8(Suppl. 2), 124-131
Moritani, T. and DeVries, H. (1980) Potential for gross hypertrophy in
older man. Journal of Gerontology 35, 672-682.
Myer, G. and Wall, E. (2006) Resistance training in the young athlete.
Operative Techniques in Sports Medicine 114, 218-230.
Narici, M., Roi, G., Landoni, L., Minetti, A. and Cerreteli, P. (1989)
Changes in force, cross-sectional area and neural activation during strength
training and detraining of the human quadriceps. European Journal of
Applied Physiology 59, 310-319
Naughton G, Carlson J, Iuliano S (1998) Cardiorespiratory responses and
circulating metabolite concentrations in male and female adolescents during
a simulated duathlon. International Journal of Sports Medicine
Naughton, G., Farpour, L., Carlson, J., Bradney, M. and Van Praagh, E.
(2000) Physiological issues surrounding the performance of adolescent
athletes. Sports Medicine 30, 309-325.
Nevill, A., Holder, R., Baxter-Jones, A., Round, J. and Jones, D. (1998)
Modeling developmental changes in strength and aerobic power in children.
Journal of Applied Physiology 84, 963-970
Nielson, B., Nielson, K., Behrendt-Hansen, M. and Asmussen, E. (1980)
Training of functional muscular strength in girls 7-19 years old. In:
Children and Exercise IX. Ed: Berg K ,Eriksson B. Human Kinetics,
Nottin, S., Vinet, A., Stecken, F., N'Guyen, L.D. Ounissi, F., Lecoq,
A.M. and Obert, P. (2002) Central and peripheral cardiovascular adaptations
to exercise in endurance-trained children. Acta Physiologica Scandinavia
Obert, P., Mandigout, S., Nottin, S., Vinet, A., N'Guyen, D. and Lecoq,
A. (2003) Cardiovascular responses to endurance training in children:
Effect of gender. European Journal of Clinical Investigation 333,
Obert, P., Mandigout, S., Vinet, A. and Courteix, D. (2001a) Effect of
a 13-week aerobic training programme in the maximal power developed during
a force-velocity test in prepubertal boys and girls. International
Journal of Sports Medicine 22, 442-446.
Obert, P., Mandigout, S., Vinet, A., N'Guyen, L., Stecken, F. and Courteix,
D. (2001b) Effect of aerobic training and detraining on left ventricular
dimensions and diastolic function in prepubertal boys and girls. International
Journal of Sports Medicine 22, 90-96.
O'Connor, P., Morgan, W., Raglin, J., Barksdale, C. and Kalin, N. (1989)
Mood state and salivary cortisol levels following overtraining in female
swimmers. Psychoneuroendocrinology 14, 303-310.
O'Connor, P.J., Morgan, W.P. and Raglin, J.S. (1991) Psychobiologic effects
of 3 d of increased training in female and male Swimmers. Medicine
and Science in Sports and Exercise 223, 1055-61.
Ozmun, J., Mikesky, A. and Surburg, P. (1994) Neuromuscular adaptations
following prepubescent strength training. Medicine and Science in Sports
Passelergue, P. and Lac, G. (1999) Saliva cortisol, testosterone and T/C
ratio variations during a wrestling competition and during the post-competitive
recovery period. International Journal of Sports Medicine 20,
Payne, V., Morrow, J., Johnson, L. and Dalton, S. (1997) Resistance training
in children and youth: Meta-analysis. Research Quaterly for Exercise
and Sport 68, 80-88.
Pediatrics, A.A. (1990) Committee on sports medicine: Strength training,
weight and power lifting, and body Builiding by children and adolescents.
Pediatrcsc 86, 801-803.
Peterson, S., Gaul, C., Stanton, M. and Hanstock, C. (1999) Skeletal muscle
metabolism during short-term, high-intensity exercise in prepubertal and
pubertal Girls. Journal of Applied Physiology 887, 2151-2156.
Pichot, V., Busso, T., Roche, F., Garet, M., Costes, F., Duverney, D.,
Lacour, J. and Barthélémy, J. (2002) Autonomic adaptations to intensive
and overload training periods: A laboratory study. Medicine and Science
in Sports 34, 1660-1666.
Prado, L. (1997) Lactate, ammonia and cathecholamine metabolism after
anaerobic training. In: Children and Exercise XIX. Ed: Armstrong
N, Kirby B,Welsman J. Spon, London. 306-312.
Raglin, J., Sawamura, S., Alexiou, S., Hassmén, P. and Kentta, G. (2000)
Training practices and staleness in 13-18-year-old swimmers: A cross-cultural
study. Pediatric Exercise Science 12, 61-70.
Raglin, J.S. and Morgan, W.P. (1994) Development of a scale for use in
monitoring training-induced distress in athletes. International Journal
of Sports Medicine 15, 84-88.
Ramsay, J., Blimkie, C., Smith, K., Garner, S., MacDougall, J. and Sale,
D. (1990) Strength training effects in prepubescent boys. Medicine
and Science in Sports 22, 605-614.
Ring, C., Carroll, D., Hoving, J., Ormerod, J., Harrison, L. and Drayson,
M. (2005) Effects of competition, exercise, and mental stress on secretory
immunity. Journal of Sports Science 223, 501-508.
Rotstein, A., Dotan, R., Bar-Or, O. and Tenembaum, G. (1986) Effects of
training on anaerobic threshold, maximal aerobic power and anaerobic performance
of preadolescent boys. International Journal of Sports Medicine
Rowland, T. (2005) Children's Exercise Physiology. Human Kinetics,
Rowland, T. (1985) Aerobic response to endurance training in prepubescent
children: A critical analysis. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Rowland, T., Goff, D., Popowski, B., DeLuca, P. and Ferrone, L. (1998)
Cardiac responses to exercise in child distance runners. International
Journal of Sports Medicine 119, 385-390.
Sailors, M. and Berg, K. (1987) Comparison of responses to weight training
in pubescent boys and men. Journal of Sports Medicine 27, 30-37.
Sale, D. (1988) Neural adaptations to resistance training. Medicine
and Science in Sports 220, S135-S145.
Santos, A., Armstrong, N., De St Croix, M., Sharp, P. and Welsman, J.
(2003) Optimal peak power in relation to age, body size, gender, and thigh
muscle volume. Pediatric Exercise Science 15, 406-418.
Sargeant, A., Dolan, P. and Thorne, A. (1985) Effects of supplementary
physical activity on body composition, aerobic, and anaerobic Power in
13-year-old boys. In:Children and Exercise XI. Ed: Binkhorst R,
Kemper H ,Saris W. Human Kinetics, Champaign. 140-150.
Sharp, R., Costill, D., Fink, W. and King, D. (1986) Effect of 8 weeks
of bicycle ergometer sprint training on human muscle buffer capacity.
International Journal of Sports Medicine 7, 13-17.
Staron, R., Karapondo, D., Kraemer, W., Fry, A., Gordon, S., Falkel, J.,
Hagerman, F. and Hikida, R. (1994) Skeletal Muscle Adaptations During
Early Phase of Heavy Resistance Training in Men and Women. Journal
of Applied Physiology 76, 1247-1255.
Stratton, J.R., Levy, W.C., Cerqueira, M.D., Schwartz, R.S., Abrass, I.B.
(1994) Cardiovascular responses to exercise. Effects of aging and exercise
training in healthy men. Circulation 89, 1648-1655.
Tolfrey, K. (2007) Responses to training. In: Paediatric exercise science:
Advances in sport and exercise ecience series. Ed: Armstrong N. Churchill
Livingstone, Edinburgh. 213-234.
Urhausen, A. and Kindermann, W. (2002) Diagnosis of overtraining: What
tools do we have? Sports Medicine 332, 95-102.
Uusitalo, A. (2006) A comment on: Prevention, diagnosis and treatment
of the overtraining syndrome. European Journal of Sports Science
Verma, S., Makindroo, S. and Kansal, D. (1992) Decreased nocturnal catecholamine
excretion: Parameter for an overtraining syndrome in athletes? International
Journal of Sports Medicine 13, 236-242.
Vrigens. D. (1978) Muscle strength development in the pre-pubescent and
post-pubescent age. Medicine and Science in Sports 11, 152-158.
Welsman, J.R., Armstrong, N. and Withers, S. (1997) Responses of young
girls to two modes of aerobic training. British Journal of Sports Medicine
Wilmore, J.H., Stanforth, P.R., Gagnon, J., Rice, T., Mandel, S., Leon,
A.S., Rao, D.C., Skinner, J.S. and Bouchard, C. (2001) Cardiac output
and stroke volume changes with endurance training: The HERITAGE family
study. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 33, 99-106.
Wolfe, L.A., Cunningham, D.A. and Boughner, D.R. (1986) Physical conditioning
effects on cardiac dimensions: A review of echocardiographic studies.
Canadian Journal of Applied Sports Science 11, 66-79.
Yoshida, T., Ishiko, I. and Muraoka, I. (1980) Effect of endurance training
on cardiorespiratory functions of 5-year-old children. International
Journal of Sports Medicine 1, 91-94.
Yudofsky, S. and Hales, R. (1992) The American psychiatric press textbook
of neuropsychiatry. London American Psychiatric Press, Washington