JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCE & MEDICINE
http://www.jssm.org
 
Research article
 

EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND EMOTIONS ASSOCIATED WITH OPTIMAL AND DYSFUNCTIONAL ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE

Andrew M. Lane1, Tracey J. Devonport1, Istvan Soos2, Istvan Karsai3, Eva Leibinger4 and Pal Hamar4

1University of Wolverhampton, UK, 2University of Sunderland, UK, 3University of Pecs, Institute for Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Hungary, 4Semmeilweis University, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Hungary

Received   08 January 2010
Accepted   03 May 2010
Published   01 September 2010

Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2010) 9, 388 - 392

ABSTRACT  
This study investigated relationships between self-report measures of emotional intelligence and memories of pre-competitive emotions before optimal and dysfunctional athletic performance. Participant-athletes (n = 284) completed a self-report measure of emotional intelligence and two measures of pre-competitive emotions; a) emotions experienced before an optimal performance, and b) emotions experienced before a dysfunctional performance. Consistent with theoretical predictions, repeated MANOVA results demonstrated pleasant emotions associated with optimal performance and unpleasant emotions associated with dysfunctional performance. Emotional intelligence correlated with pleasant emotions in both performances with individuals reporting low scores on the self-report emotional intelligence scale appearing to experience intense unpleasant emotions before dysfunctional performance. We suggest that future research should investigate relationships between emotional intelligence and emotion-regulation strategies used by athletes.

Key words: Affect, emotion, stress-management, personality, effect regulation.

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