Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2015) 14, 522 - 529
Research article
Multiple Off-Ice Performance Variables Predict On-Ice Skating Performance in Male and Female Division III Ice Hockey Players
Jeffrey M. Janot1,, Nicholas M. Beltz2, Lance D. Dalleck3

1 Department of Kinesiology, University of Wisconsin – Eau Claire, Eau Claire, WI, USA
2 Department of Health, Exercise, and Sports Sciences, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA
3 Recreation, Exercise & Sports Sciences Department, Western State Colorado University, Gunnison, CO, USA

Jeffrey M. Janot
✉Department of Kinesiology, University of Wisconsin – Eau Claire, Eau Claire, WI, USA
Email: janotjm@uwec.edu

Received:
04-02-2015 -- Accepted: 02-05-2015 --
Published (online): 11-08-2015

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to determine if off-ice performance variables could predict on-ice skating performance in Division III collegiate hockey players. Both men (n = 15) and women (n = 11) hockey players (age = 20.5 ± 1.4 years) participated in the study. The skating tests were agility cornering S-turn, 6.10 m acceleration, 44.80 m speed, modified repeat skate, and 15.20 m full speed. Off-ice variables assessed were years of playing experience, height, weight and percent body fat and off-ice performance variables included vertical jump (VJ), 40-yd dash (36.58m), 1-RM squat, pro-agility, Wingate peak power and peak power percentage drop (% drop), and 1.5 mile (2.4km) run. Results indicated that 40-yd dash (36.58m), VJ, 1.5 mile (2.4km) run, and % drop were significant predictors of skating performance for repeat skate (slowest, fastest, and average time) and 44.80 m speed time, respectively. Four predictive equations were derived from multiple regression analyses: 1) slowest repeat skate time = 2.362 + (1.68 x 40-yd dash time) + (0.005 x 1.5 mile run), 2) fastest repeat skate time = 9.762 - (0.089 x VJ) - (0.998 x 40-yd dash time), 3) average repeat skate time = 7.770 + (1.041 x 40-yd dash time) - (0.63 x VJ) + (0.003 x 1.5 mile time), and 4) 47.85 m speed test = 7.707 - (0.050 x VJ) - (0.01 x % drop). It was concluded that selected off-ice tests could be used to predict on-ice performance regarding speed and recovery ability in Division III male and female hockey players.

Key words: Speed, gender differences, predictive equations, anaerobic power testing, agility
Key Points
  • The 40-yd dash (36.58m) and vertical jump tests are significant predictors of on-ice skating performance specific to speed.
  • In addition to 40-yd dash and vertical jump, the 1.5 mile (2.4km) run for time and percent power drop from the Wingate anaerobic power test were also significant predictors of skating performance that incorporates the aspect of recovery from skating activity.
  • Due to the specificity of selected off-ice variables as predictors of on-ice performance, coaches can elect to assess player performance off-ice and focus on other uses of valuable ice time for their individual teams.
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    Jeffrey M. Janot, Nicholas M. Beltz, Lance D. Dalleck, (2015) Multiple Off-Ice Performance Variables Predict On-Ice Skating Performance in Male and Female Division III Ice Hockey Players. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (14), 522 - 529.

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