Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine ( 2019 ) 18 , 413 - 418

Research article
Exercise Training at Maximal Fat Oxidation Intensity for Overweight or Obese Older Women: A Randomized Study
Liquan Cao1, Yan Jiang1, Qingwen Li1, Jianxiong Wang2, Sijie Tan1, 
Author Information
1 Department of Health and Exercise Science, Tianjin University of Sport, Tianjin, China
2 Faculty of Health, Engineering, and Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia

Sijie Tan
✉ Tianjin Physical Fitness Research Center, Department of Health and Exercise Science, Tianjin University of Sport, Tianjin, China
Email: 751818049@qq.com
Publish Date
Received: 19-02-2019
Accepted: 21-05-2019
Published (online): 01-08-2019
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ABSTRACT

The purpose was to study the therapeutic effects of 12 weeks of supervised exercise training at maximal fat oxidation intensity (FATmax) on body composition, lipid profile, cardiovascular function, and physical fitness in overweight or obese older women. Thirty women (64.2 ± 5.1 years old; BMI 27.1 ± 2.3 kg/m2; body fat 41.3 ± 4.6%) were randomly allocated into the Exercise or Control groups. Participants in the Exercise group were trained at their individualized FATmax intensity (aerobic training), three days/week for one hour/day for 12 weeks. The Exercise group had significantly decreased body mass, BMI, fat mass, visceral trunk fat, and diastolic blood pressure. Furthermore, there were significant increases in high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, predicted VO2max, left ventricular ejection fraction, and sit-and-reach performance. There were no changes in the measured variables of the Control group. These outcomes indicate that FATmax is an effective exercise intensity to improve body composition and functional capacity for older women with overweight or obesity.

Key words: Obesity, exercise, maximal fat oxidation rate, older women


           Key Points
  • Exercise training at maximal fat oxidation (FATmax) intensity is effective and safe for older women with overweight or obesity.
  • FATmax exercise training improves body composition and cardiovascular function in older women with overweight or obesity.
  • FATmax values decrease with ageing in women who are overweight or obese.
 
 
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