Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2014) 13, 542 - 549

Research article
Development and Validity of a Scale of Perception of Velocity in Resistance Exercise
Iker J. Bautista1, , Ignacio J. Chirosa1, Luis J. Chirosa1, Ignacio Martín1,2, Andrés González2, Robert J. Robertson3
Author Information
1 CTS 642 Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Granada, Spain
2 Department of Methodology of Behavioural Sciences, University of Granada, Spain
3 Department of Health and Physical Activity, Center for Exercise and Health-Fitness Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA

Iker J. Bautista
✉ Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte, Carretera de Alfacar s/n 18011, Granada, Spain
Publish Date
Received: 31-01-2014
Accepted: 26-03-2014
Published (online): 01-09-2014
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This aims of this study were twofold; 1) to development a new scale of perceived velocity in the bench press exercise and 2) to examine the scales concurrent validity. Twenty one physically active males with mean ±SD age, height and weights of: 27.5 ± 4.7 years, 1.77 ± 0.07 m, and 79.8 ± 10.3 kg respectively, took part in the study. The criterion variable used to test the validity of the new scale was the mean execution velocity (Velreal) of the bench press exercise. Three intensities (light loads [< 40% 1RM], medium loads [40% -70% 1RM] and heavy loads [> 70% 1RM]) were measured randomly during 5 days of testing. Perceived velocity (Velscale) was measured immediately after each exercise set using the new scale. A positive linear correlation (r range = 0.69 to 0.81) was found in all three intensities, analyzed individually, between the Velreal and Velscale. Pearson correlations showed a greater frequency of scale use resulted higher correlation values (range r = 0.88 to 0.96). This study provides evidence of the concurrent validity of a new scale of perceived velocity in the bench press exercise in trained adult males. These results suggest the exercise intensity of the bench press can be quantified quickly and effective using this new scale of perceived velocity, particularly when training for maximum power.

Key words: RPE, rating perceived velocity, strength training, weight lifting

           Key Points
  • Measurement of perception of velocity can complement other scales of perception such as the 15 category Borg scale or the OMNI-RES.
  • The results obtained in this study show that there was a positive correlation between the perceived velocity measured by the scale and actual velocity
  • Regular use of the new scale of perceived velocity in external resistance training provides athletes with continuous feedback of execution velocity in each repetition and set, especially with high power loads
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