Table 1. Demographic and sport-related characteristics in athletes and non-athletes. Data are means (±SD).
Type of sports sample size age (years)* duration (years)* winning experience**
Endurance sports
Long distance running 22 17.5 (.7) 4.5 (1.0) 8
Power sports/combat 95 17.6 (.7) 4.8 (.1) 34
Taekwondo 28 17.9 (.5) 5.3 (.9) 12
Cireum 20 17.4 (.6) 4.8 (1.6) 8
Judo 47 17.7 (1.0) 4.4 (.8) 14
Power sports/individual 94 17.6 (.8) 4.4 (.4) 38
Throwing 29 17.7 (.5) 4.5 (1.6) 15
Swimming 27 17.6 (.6) 4.3 (1.2) 9
Golf 38 17.4 (1.1) 4.4 (1.2) 14
Team sports 66 17.6 (.8) 4.6 (.9) 30
Soccer 20 17.4 (.6) 5.1 (.9) 8
Rugby 18 17.6 (.8) 4.3 (.9) 6
Baseball 28 17.9 (1.0) 4.5 (.9) 16
Non athletes 152 17.9 (.8) - -
* ANOVA : p > 0.05
** χ-test : p > 0.05.
Duration: duration of athletic experiences, winning experience: the number of the winning experience in the final match or 1 in his major