Table 2. Changes in body composition following each training intervention. Data are means (┬▒SE).
Variable Ballates (n=12) Step Aerobics (n=17) Walking (n=15)
Pre Weight (kg)
Post Weight (kg)
74.3 (4.0)
74.6 (4.1)
73.3 (2.4)
73.9 (2.4)
80.4 (5.0)
79.8 (4.9)
Pre Total % Fat
Post Total % Fat
42.6 (2.4)
42.4 (2.5) *
44.4 (1.6)
43.4 (1.7) *
47.0 (1.6)
46.1 (1.4) *
Pre Arm % Fat
Post Arm % Fat
37.5 (2.4)
36.9 (2.2)
38.6 (1.0)
36.9 (1.5)
39.9 (1.7)
40.6 (1.4)
Pre Leg % Fat
Post Leg % Fat
43.5 (2.3)
43.2 (2.5) **
45.7 (1.8)
44.9 (1.8) **
47.1 (2.0)
46.6 (1.8) **
Pre Trunk % Fat
Post Trunk % Fat
42.7 (2.6)
42.5 (2.6) *
44.2 (1.9)
43.2 (2.1) *
47.7 (1.6)
46.3 (1.5) *
Pre Total BF-FFM (kg)
Post Total BF-FFM (kg)
39.9 (.13)
40.1 (1.4) *
38.6 (1.0)
39.4 (.9) *
39.9 (1.7)
42.2 (1.8) *
Pre Arm BF-FFM (kg)
Post Arm BF-FFM (kg)
4.3 (.2)
4.3 (.2)
4.1 (.2)
4.1 (.2)
4.2 (.1)
4.2 (.2)
Pre Leg BF-FFM (kg)
Post Leg BF-FFM (kg)
12.8 (.5)
12.7 (.5)
12.3 (.4)
12.5 (.6)
12.6 (.6)
13.1 (.7)
Pre Trunk BF-FFM (kg)
Post Trunk BF-FFM (kg)
19.7 (.6)
20.2 (.7) *
19.1 (.6)
19.8 (1.0) *
19.9 (1.1)
20.2 (.9) *
* significant (p < 0.05) trial effect
** significant (p < 0.01) trial effect.