Table 1. Anatomic and maximal aerobic characteristics of male sumo wrestlers and untrained male controls from the current study, and combat, aerobic, and power sport male athletes from previous studies. Notes: Ht = height, Wt = weight, FFM = fat-free mass, pre. SMM = predicted skeletal muscle mass. Country indicates nationality of the athletes. Method indicates modality of VOmax test. Level indicates the competitive status attained by the participants tested.
Sport Country n Height (cm) Weight (kg) % fat FFM (kg) Pre. SMM (kg) VO2max L/min VO2max ml/kg BM VO2max ml/kg SMM Method Level Reference
Sumo wrestling Japan 8 176.6 117.0 24.0 88.9 48.2 3.60 31.1 74.8 CE College present study
Untrained Japan 8 171.5 56.1 13.3 48.4 20.6 2.50 44.6 121.4 CE College present study
Judo Canada 19 175.1 80.2 12.3 70.3 35.5 4.61 57.5 129.8 TM National Taylor and Brassard, 1981
Judo Canada 22 174.2 75.4 9.3 68.4 34.2 4.49 59.2 131.2 TM National Thomas et al., 1989
Karate Japan 7 172.9 66.3 10.7 59.2 28.0 3.81 57.5 136.4 TM College Imamura et al., 1998
Karate Japan 9 169.5 60.1 12.6 52.5 23.4 3.44 57.2 146.9 TM College Imamura et al., 1998
Boxers Italy 8 177.1 77.4 14.5 66.1 32.6 4.45 57.5 136.3 TM Elite amateur Guidetti et al., 2002
Wrestling US 25 173.3 80.6 8.4 73.8 37.9 4.49 55.7 118.5 TM Junior World Silva et al., 1981
Wrestling US 2 177.0 81.1 9.8 73.2 37.5 5.10 64.0 136.1 CE NCAA champ Fahey et al.,1975
Kendo Japan 7 171.0 71.2 12.8 62.1 29.9 3.91 54.9 130.6 TM College Hayashi, 1994
Football (Def. line) US 32 192.4 117.0 17.9 96.0 53.0 5.30 45.3 100.0 TM Professional Wilmore et al., 1976
Discus throw US 7 186.1 104.7 16.4 87.5 47.2 4.90 46.8 103.8 CE World champ Fahey et al., 1975
Shot put US 5 188.2 113.0 16.8 94.0 51.6 4.80 42.5 93.0 CE World champ Fahey et al., 1975
Basketball US 15 200.6 96.9 9.0 86.6 46.6 4.50 46.4 96.6 TM Professional Parr et al., 1978
Marathon US 8 176.7 61.9 5.3 58.6 27.6 4.58 74.0 166.2 TM Elite amateur Pollock, 1977
Long dist. running Finland 8 177.0 66.2 8.4 60.6 28.9 5.19 78.4 179.4 TM National Rusko et al., 1978
Rowing Australia 9 189.7 88.7 7.3 82.2 43.6 5.51 62.5 126.3 TM Olympic Novak et al., 1978
CC skiing Finland 17 174.0 69.3 10.2 62.2 30.0 5.42 78.3 180.6 TM National Rusko et al., 1978
MD running Canadian 7 176.7 67.0 7.8 61.8 29.7 5.09 76.0 171.3 TM National Ready, 1984
CE = cycle ergometer, TM = treadmill, CC = cross country, MD = middle distance.