Table 1. Hip flexion, knee extension and ankle plantarflexion moments (N·m) during soccer kicking in adult males as reported in the literature. Data are means (±SD).
Research Study N Parameter Hip flexion Knee extension Ankle plantarflexion
Nunome et al. (2002) 5 Average Maximal 249 (31) 283 (30) 98 (27) 111 (39) N/A
Nunome et al. (2006a) 5 Maximal 309.2 (28.9) 129.9 (25.5) N/A
Putnam (1991) 18 Average 229 (34) 85 (12) N/A
Dorge et al. (1999) 7 Maximal 271.3 161.0 N/A
Zernicke & Roberts (1978) N/A Maximal 274 (36) 122 (23) N/A
Robertson (1985) N/A Maximal 220 90 N/A
Luhtanen (1988) 29 Maximal 194 (33) 83 (21) 20 (4)
Roberts et al. (1974) 1 Maximal ~269 ~68 ~10
Huang et al. (1982) 1 Maximal ~250 ~80 ~20