Table 2. Energy, macronutrient, fiber and cholesterol intakes of the young soccer players at T0 and T1 (n = 43). Data are means (±SD).
T0 T1 Recommended Values
Energy (kcal/d) 2560 (636) * 2640 (614) * 3450 (260) §
(MJ/d) 10.7 (2.6) 11.0 (2.5) 14.4 (1.1)
(kcal/kg/d) 37.2 (10.4) 37.7 (9.7)
Carbohydrates (g/d) 339 (89) 352 (86)
(g/kg/d) 4.9 (1.5) 5.0 (1.3) 7 #
(% of TEI) 52.9 (4.0) 53.4 (5.5) 55-65
Simple sugars (% of TEI) 17.0 (4.8) 18.1 (5.5) 10-12
Proteins (g/d) 101 (23) 104 (28)
(g/kg/d) 1.5 (.4) 1.5 (.4) 1.6
(% of TEI) 16.6 (2.1) 17.0 (2.4)
Lipids (g/d) 87.0 (25.0) 87.1 (26.4)
(% of TEI) 30.5 (3.4) 29.6 (4.3) 25-30
Fiber (g/d) 15.1 (5.5) 17.0 (7.3) 30
Cholesterol (mg/d) 333 (126) 320 (115) ≤ 300
* p < 0.001 compared with the recommended values.
§ Mean estimated daily energy expenditure at T0.
# Recommended carbohydrate intake (g/kg/d) for soccer players (Clark, 1994).
† Recommended Dietary Allowances for Italian 14-17 year old boys (Società Italiana di Nutrizione Umana, 1998).
‡ Recommended protein intake (g/kg/d) for 15 year old soccer players (Boisseau et al., 2002).
TEI = total energy intake.