Table 2. VO measures (L·min) of kayakers.
Author Subjects
(male)
Ergometer
VO2 (L·min-1) *
Kayak paddling
VO2 (L·min-1)
Leg Arm (Legs+arms) Kayak 500m 1000m
Tesh et al. (1976) 6 elite kayakers 5.41 4.61 4.2 4.71
Pendergast et al. (1979) 8 unskilled kayakers 3.1 2.9 3.9 3.5
Tesch (1983) 6 elite kayakers 5.36 4.3 4.67
Hahn et al. (1988) 5 elite kayakers 5.17 4.62
Pendergast et al. (1989) 17 kayakers
(range of skill level)
4.61 2.82 3.81
Fry and Morton (1991) 38 well trained kayakers 4.78
Billat et al. (1996) 9 elite kayakers 4.01
van Someren et al. (1999) 9 well trained kayakers 4.27
Bishop et al. (2002) 8 experienced kayak
paddlers
† denotes that the kayak paddling tests were maximal efforts for that distance, not maximal exercise tests.
* denotes that the ergometer exercise tests were carried out to exhaustion, representing the max VO.