Table 6. Strengths and weaknesses of the assessment tools for use in educational research for preschool children.
Motor assessment tool Strengths Weaknesses
MOT 4-6 Age appropriate for preschool children Appropriate for use in an educational setting Short and clear score sheet Highly efficient (items tested / assessment time) Score refers to general fundamental movement skill performance Provides information on skill mastering: both beneath and above skill level Older normative data No recent revision of the test available Little information on the test and test results available in international literature
Movement ABC Age appropriate for preschool children International normative data is available Quantitative and qualitative assessment Highly suitable for impairment detection Usable in educational setting Large amount of studies on the psychometric qualities of the test No information of skill mastery above skill level Rather low efficiency ( unfavorable proportion of items tested versus assessment time), Not specifically designed for young children
PDMS 2 Age appropriate for preschool children Very detailed assessment instrument Subtest composites can be assessed separately Provides information on skill mastering: both beneath and above skill level Inclusion of Qualitative aspects of movement behavior Specifically designed to detect deficits / motor impairment No short form available Taking of the complete test is rather long for young children Absence of normative data on European children
KTK Quick screening of stability skill Still considered as very reliable and highly valued for its accuracy and standardization (Simons, 2004). Older normative data Less age appropriate for the assessment of preschool children One-sided information on movement skill development (balance)
TGMD-2 Age appropriate for preschool children Inclusion of qualitative aspects of movement behavior Emphasis on object control movement skill development Provides information on skill mastering: both beneath and above skill level Does not evaluate fine nor stability movement skill development For Europe the battery is not free from cultural differences
MMT Combination of quantitative and qualitative assessment items Highly efficient (items tested / assessment time) Provides information on skill mastering: both beneath and above skill level Developed for a very small age range Especially designed for the detection of ADHD
BOT-2 Age appropriate for preschool children Very detailed assessment instrument Subtest composites can be assessed separately Short Form assessment for general movement skill development available Provides information on skill mastering: both beneath and above skill level Inclusion of qualitative aspects of movement behavior Large amount of evidence on psychometric qualities of the test Emphasis lies on detection of deficits Absence of European normative data Complicated to receive a test kit Standardization of examination is rather difficultTaking of the complete test is rather long for young children A large test room is needed for the running item Confusing score sheet