Table 1. Summary of all recorded variables. Data are means (±SD).
Variables Turning
Kick (TKD)
Turning Kick
(YMD)
High Turning
Kick (TKD)
High Turning
Kick (YMD)
Estimated kicking force* (N) 6400(898) 6393(1382 ) 5419(659) 5475(1293)
Normalized ground force reaction of kicking foot (N·kg-1) 17.8(2.2 ) 17.8(4.8) 19.2(2.9) 17.8(2.2)
Maximum kicking foot velocity* (m·sec1) 17.66(1.67) 18.27(1.11) 16.45(.63) 17.18(.49)
Hip’s range of motion (°) 155.4(8.6) 141(13) 162.7(13.1) 136(8)
Hip’s angular velocity (°·sec-1) 693(115) 580(121) 708(30) 625(124)
Knee’s flexion/extension angle (°) 63.4(8.5) 65.9(4.6) 62.1(10.2) 66.4(4.1)
Knee’s angular velocity (°) 1586(181) 1625(140) 1640(219) 1607(188)
Swing phase* (sec) .33(.03) .40(.05) .36(.02) .44(.06)
Recovery phase* (sec) .39(.06) .46(.05) .48(.04) .52(.07)
COM lateral (cm) 24.8(10.8) 30(15) 21.4(4.2) 34(.15)
COM forward* (cm) 90.1(7.0) 67(8) 87.6(20.8) 72(14)
COM vertical (cm) 23.8(2.7) 21(2) 26.3(4.6) .25(2)
* and † denote p < 0.05 between the two heights and between the two styles respectively.