Table 3 Pearson’s correlation coefficients between demographic data, dietary intake and markers of cardiovascular health in gymnasts and control.
Variables Gymnasts Controls
ICAM-1 hsCRP Hsp27 Hsp27 IgG antibody Hsp27 IgM antibody ICAM-1 hsCRP Hsp27 Hsp27 IgG antibody Hsp27 IgM antibody
Demographic:
Height (m) -.378 .175 .367 -.032 .147 -.250 -.076 .577* .353 -.095
Weight (Kg) -.373 .231 .219 -.086 .210 -.246 .105 .325 .302 -.353
BMI (kg/m2) -.119 .250 -.015 -.136 .259 -.113 .382 -.173 .048 -.533
PA (minutes/week) -.187 .136 -.102 -.166 .166 -.080 -.105 .045 -.430* .417*
Age (y) -.285 .083 .338 -.132 .041 -.196 -.149 .599* .517* -.229
Dietary factors:
Total energy intake -.456 .109 -.350 .277 .126 .287 -.096 .325 .176 -.103
CHO -.303 .048 -.449 .208 .113 .155 -.093 .356 .200 -.137
Fat -.534* .187 -.310 .293 .193 .456 -.110 .094 -.087 .076
SFA -.549* .089 -.530 .147 .006 .373 -.144 -.362 .186 -.156
MUFAs -.487* .226 -.254 .287 .225 .378 -.236 -.027 .091 .125
PUFAs -.398 .342 -.101 .367 .366 .136 .117 .224 -.397 .491*
Chol -.355 .005 .156 .332 -.142 .001 -.248 .062 .064 .217
Dietary micronutrients:
Zn -.376 -.278 .245 .143 -.215 .200 .233 .183 .412 -.228
Se -.240 .032 .275 .494* .284 .266 -.034 -.214 -.255 .261
Vit C -.085 .045 .096 -.192 -.064 .001 .028 .110 .046 .102
Vit A -.378 .280 -.480 .008 .198 .079 .297 .053 .086 -.056
Vit E -.288 .132 -.441 -.062 .278 .158 -.294 .098 -.013 -.049
BMI, body mass index; PA, physical activity; SFA, saturated fatty acid; MUFA, monounsaturated fatty acid; PUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acid; Chol, cholesterol; CHO, carbohydrate; sICAM, intercellular adhesion molecule-1; Hsp27, heat shock protein 27; Se, selenium; Zn, zinc; Vit, vitamins; Significant correlation
* p < 0.05.