Table 4 Partial correlation coefficients between demographic data, dietary intake and markers of cardiovascular health in gymnasts and control.
Variables Gymnasts Controls
ICAM-1 hsCRP Hsp27 Hsp27 IgG antibody Hsp27 IgM antibody ICAM-1 hsCRP Hsp27 Hsp27 IgG antibody Hsp27 IgM antibody
Demographic:
BMI (kg/m2) -.071 .159 .187 -.288 -.009 -.059 .303 .211 -.066 .028
PA (minutes/week) -.309 .310 -.013 -.602 -.174 -.030 -.076 .011 -.211 -.066
Age (y) -.440 .347 .464 .065 .282 .078 -.191 .202 .468 -.329
Dietary factors:
Total energy intake -.036 -.548 -.620 .358 .147 .143 -.104 .355 .591 .230
CHO -.201 -.399 -.595 .159 .236 .490 -.071 .438 .605* .123
Fat .157 -.635 -.604 .481 .039 .465* -.107 .040 .004 .338
SFA -.188 -.297 -.285 .382 -.144 .408 -.172 -.490 .096 .285
MUFAs -.155 -.429 -.356 .201 -.163 .105 .105 -.095 .204 .362
PUFAs -.107 -.525 -.332 .179 -.239 .052 -.108 .744* -.192 .489
Chol .333 -.504 -.296 .545 -.249 .143 -.104 -.032 .346 .409
Dietary micronutrients:
Zn -.283 -.105 -.098 .364 .321 .334 .131 .175 .698* -.287
Se -.512 -.251 -.170 .104 .063 .332 -.103 -.701 -.173 .122
Vit C -.611 .372 .182 -.576 .503 .011 -.095 -.096 -.165 .602
Vit A -.758 .089 .055 -.398 .343 .101 .305 -.140 .111 -.146
Vit E -.499 .195 .186 -.177 .293 .215 -.146 .044 -.041 -.161
BMI, body mass index; PA, physical activity; SFA, saturated fatty acid; MUFA, monounsaturated fatty acid; PUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acid; Chol, cholesterol; CHO, carbohydrate; sICAM, intercellular adhesion molecule-1; Hsp27, heat shock protein 27; Se, selenium; Zn, zinc; Vit, vitamins; Significant correlation
* p < 0.05