Table 2 Mean and (standard error) total and subscale scores for the EFI, POMS and STAI over time.
Measurecategory Exercise Baseline Pre-test 10 min Post 25 minPost Pgroup x timeinteraction Effectsize(Eta2)
EFI total Regular 13.7 (2.1) 18.7 (2.3) 22.0 (2.1) 26.5 (1.8) < .001 .560
Non-Regular 13.7 (2.2) 17.7 (2.3) 4.5 (2.2) 15.3 (1.9)
Positive Regular 5.8 (0.6) 7.3 (0.6) 8.1 (0.6) 8.9 (0.6) < .001 .537
engagement Non-Regular 7.2 (0.6) 8.3 (0.6) 4.8 (0.6) 7.0 (0.6)
Revitilisation Regular 5.2 (0.6) 6.0 (0.6) 7.2 (0.7) 8.6 (0.6) < .01 .314
Non-Regular 5.7 (0.7) 6.0 (0.6) 3.2 (0.7) 6.6 (0.7)
Physical Regular 5.2 (0.8) 3.2 (0.8) 2.6 (0.7) 0.7 (0.5) < .001 .537
exhaustion Non-Regular 4.5 (0.8) 3.5 (0.8) 7.3 (0.7) 4.9 (0.5)
Tranquility Regular 7.9 (0.7) 8.6 (0.6) 8.3 (0.7) 9.5 (0.5) < .26
Non-Regular 5.2 (0.7) 6.8 (0.6) 4.1 (0.8) 6.7 (0.6)
POMS total Regular 19.6 (8.2) 11.8 (6.7) -2.8 (7.6) -7.9 (6.3) < .002 .438
Non-Regular 52.5 (8.4) 28.3 (6.9) 40.0 (7.9) 31.1 (6.5)
tension Regular 8.7 (1.7) 5.8 (1.4) 3.9 (1.0) 3.5 (1.3) < .64
Non-Regular 16.0 (1.8) 12.7 (1.5) 13.0 (1.0) 11.5 (1.4)
depression Regular 6.3 (1.9) 3.7 (1.9) 2.0 (2.2) 3.5 (1.3) < .19
Non-Regular 14.5 (2.0) 9.7 (1.9) 11.9 (2.3) 11.5 (1.4)
anger Regular 7.0 (2.0) 5.2 (1.7) 3.3 (1.7) 2.1 (1.3) < .44
Non-Regular 15.5 (2.1) 10.8 (1.7) 8.0 (1.8) 7.1 (1.3)
confusion Regular 7.7 (1.2) 5.3 (1.2) 4.4 (1.4) 2.9 (1.2) < .08
Non-Regular 11.1 (1.2) 7.9 (1.2) 8.8 (1.4) 9.2 (1.3)
vigor Regular 17.7 (1.5) 19.1 (1.5) 19.6 (1.7) 21.0 (1.5) < .01 .328
Non-Regular 17.3 (1.5) 20.8 (1.5) 14.6 (1.8) 17.1 (1.6)
fatigue Regular 8.1 (1.6) 6.5 (1.0) 4.1 (1.4) 3.4 (1.1) < .001 .490
Non-Regular 12.9 (1.7) 7.9 (1.0) 14.0 (1.4) 10.7 (1.1)
State Anxiety Regular 38.6 (3.6) 30.6 (2.1) 27.8 (2.7) 28.7 (2.4) < .005 .387
(STAI) Non-Regular 41.6 (3.7) 36.6 (2.2) 45.8 (2.8) 37.9 (2.5)
Trait Anxiety Regular 34.2 (2.2) 31.8 (2.1) 31.2 (2.0) 30.2 (1.7) < .27
(STAI) Non-Regular 41.4 (2.3) 41.1 (2.1) 40.9 (2.1) 37.4 (1.8)
*Effect sizes (Eta) for statistically significant group by time interaction effects using repeated measures ANCOVA.