Table 2 Arm stroke phase and IdC for each swimmer, at maximal (Vmax) and submaximal (V70) velocity, distinguishing 50-m DS from 200-m DS. Data are means (±SD).
Imposed swimming speed 200-m DS 50-m DS
Non-propulsive phase Entry phase (%) V70 25.2 (5.2) 25.3 (9.4)
Vmax 26.0 (6.6) 24.0 (6.3)
Propulsive phase Pull phase (%) V70 10.8 (4.3) 8.9 (1.9)
Vmax 10.2 (2.1) 11.4 (3.6)
Push phase (%) V70 11.0 (3.5) 9.7 (1.5)
Vmax 10.5 (1.5) 13.1 (2.6)
Non-propulsive phase Hand lag time phase (%) V70 3.6 (1.5) 4.3 (1.7)
Vmax 6.0 (2.9) * 6.5 (3.4) *
Clearing phase (%) V70 15.7 (3.5) 17.9 (5.3)
Vmax 12.4 (3.4) 15.5 (5.0)
Recovery phase (%) V70 33.4 (4.7) 33.8 (5.3)
Vmax 34.9 (6.1) 29.5 (2.2)
Propulsive phase (%) V70 21.9 (5.7) 18.6 (2.8)
Vmax 20.7 (2.4) * 24.5 (3.6) *
Non-propulsive phase (%) V70 78.1 (5.7) 81.4 (2.8)
Vmax 79.2 (2.4) 75.5 (3.6)
IdC (%) V70 -6.5 (5.6) -6.9 (3.2)
Vmax -2.7 (4.2) * -2.1 (3.7) *
† with 200-m DS group, p < 0.05.
* Significant difference with v70,