Table 2. Mean (SD) and ANOVA results.
Morning Late afternoon F, p-value
Gymnast Control Gymnast Control
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Group Time Group-Time
Panel A – Coordination tests
Backwards ball throw 7.9 (4.2)## 5.4 (3.2) 7.5 (4.2)## 4.4 (2.4) 20.63 †† 2.38 .48
Low jump 2.3 (1.8) 3.2 (3.1) 1.7 (2.1) 2.4 (2.9) 4.62 2.67 .08
Hanging target throw 5.3 (2.1) 5.6 (2.7) 6.1 (2.3)## 4.8 (2.6) 1.56 .004 5.39
Orientation Shuttle Run 15.1 (1.0)## 16.0 (1.8)** 15.0 (1.2) 15.1 (2.0) 2.79 10.28 †† 5.63
Panel B – Reactive strengthtests
Hopping test FT .497 (.038)**# .474 (.049)* .538 (.030)# .464 (.046) 34.17 †† 12.68 †† 50.09 ††
Hopping test GCT .246 (.050) .256 (.074)* .212 (.034)# .254 (.074) 8.37 †† 3.29 2.96
Drop jump test FT .564 (.051)## .527 (.043)** .573 (.047)## .508 (.034) 38.50 †† 1.23 7.05 ††
† and
## denote p < 0.05 and 0.01 respectively compariedwith control group.
# and
* and
** denote p < 0.05 and 0.01 respectively comparied with late afternoon training session.
†† denote p 0.05 and 0.01 recpectively by ANOVA. FT = Flight time; GCT = Ground contact time.