Table 1. Theoretical contents of the dimensions of motivational climate.
Dimension Contents of the dimensions
Task-involving climate trying one’s best, mistakes are seen as part of the learning process, learning new things, progress in one’s own skills (1, 2, 4)
Ego-involving climate competing in relation to others, comparison in relation to others, showing superiority in relation to others, importance of succeeding more than others, normative comparison (1, 2, 3, 4)
Autonomy support freedom to make choices, possibility to make choices, possibility to affect the way PE lessons are run, possibility to affect common issues (5)
Social relatedness support working together as a team, cohesion during classes, pulling together, class is united when practicing (6)
1) Ames and Archer (1989), 2) Epstein (1988), 3) Papaioannou (), 4) Newton and Duda (), 5) Deci and Ryan (), 6) Deci and Ryan ().