Table 2. Kinematic and kinetic data for all subjects.
Data Units Average Std. Deviation Time (sec) Range
Grip Velocity (max) m·sec-1 6.166.08 .537.656 -.074-.030 5.0-7.44.9-7.4
Grip Velocity (impact) m·sec-1 3.593.55 .663.675 ------- 2.8-4.42.7-4.3
CG Velocity (max) m·sec-1 16.4917.33 1.201.33 -.006-.008 15.1-17.915.8-19.0
CG Velocity (impact) m·sec-1 16.1416.65 1.031.38 ------- 14.9-17.315.2-17.6
COP Velocity (max) m·sec-1 20.1320.64 1.431.53 -.002-.007 16.4-23.416.6-23.9
COP Velocity (impact) m·sec-1 19.7019.80 1.351.63 ------- 15.5-23.418.9-23.2
Swing Velocity rad·sec-1 29.6327.03 2.923.51 -.007-.011 23.9-34.522.0-33.1
Pitch Velocity rad·sec-1 7.967.04 1.361.88 -.120-.110 6.0-10.15.3-9.9
Roll Velocity rad·sec-1 4.944.31 .39.49 -.009-.007 3.9-5.03.6-4.8
Tangential Force N 182.7196.5 29.331.1 -.036-.033 135-268145-286
Normal Force N 265.1293.2 25.824.7 -.005-.002 182-312201-347
Bi-Normal Force N 118.1134.0 31.328.2 -.048-.047 73-15498-182
Force Magnitude N 312.0355.9 34.538.3 -.004-.002 220-396239-416
Swing Torque Nm 29.528.7 5.54.9 -.035-.036 18.7-42.219.5-43.5
Pitch Torque Nm 13.915.8 4.14.2 -.143-.038 9.9-21.111.7-23.0
Roll Torque Nm 1.11.4 .29.21 -.033-.041 0.7-2.20.9-3.0
Torque Magnitude Nm 32.834.7 10.210.5 -.033-.030 15.0-48.917.5-50.0
Linear Work Nm 129.9146.2 14.618.4 .000-.001 101-158122-184
Angular Work Nm 44.648.6 6.48.5 -.001-.002 22.6-61.024.6-65.8
Total Work Nm 163.6191.3 19.718.9 -.001.000 126-199154-227
Linear Power Nm·sec-1 12401387 179181 -.052-.048 1104-14371167-1612
Angular Power Nm·sec-1 639601 5469 -.023-.021 511-756488-733
Total Power Nm·sec-1 19171980 240233 -.031-.028 1417-24311430-2535
Linear Kinetic Energy Nm 113.3124.3 11.512.1 .000-.001 91-140105-163
Angular Kinetic Energy Nm 40.642.8 5.57.8 -.001-.002 15.8-54.721.2-58.5
Total Kinetic Energy Nm 144.3169.9 17.316.0 -.001.000 118-177134-201