Table 1. Thematic structure of the influence of the athlete self-report measure (ASRM) on implementation.
Higher order theme Lower order theme Representative meaning unit Number of interviewees Total meaning units
Athlete (n=8) Coach (n=7) SSMS (n=15)
Mode Mode In the past I had paper copies that I would hand them and they would fill in and give straight back to me right there and then. (C03) 6 7 13 51
…a smart phone or an app or something...will definitely get more buy-in from athletes. (S04)
Accessibility Technology …it would have to have the flexibility of…multiple sources of data entry, either from smart phone or from a computer (S10) 4 6 10 31
Location …when they go on tour and they don’t have easy access to the internet…we lose big chunks of data (S12) 5 2 6 18
Compatibility Software …it doesn’t work on a phone because it has to be computer based [software] (S05) 2 1 2 6
Link with other data …do you need that information about training load and time in [ASRM] when it’s all [objectively recorded]? (A04) 1 2 13 27
Interface Appeal …usually the interfaces are very clinical and I don’t think that grabs people. (S03) 0 0 5 13
It’s popular media, you’ve got to make it like funky and sexy you know, you’ve got to make it where they want to go there rather than have to go there. (S03)
Complexity …the more clicks the less compliant,…it has to be one page for one entry (S05) 2 2 8 25
Question design factors Question specificity …if it’s too long or wordy or seems irrelevant, you actually get…[athletes] not liking it, and…don’t want to have to do it (S11) 6 3 11 40
Question sensitivity …if your monitoring isn’t sensitive enough, you’re not going to find anything anyway. (S06) 0 1 3 6
Scales …what one person gives as a three, another person might give a five, that doesn’t matter, as long as they are reporting it the same within themselves. (S08) 6 4 12 35
Time burden Time for completion …the onus is on developing [an ASRM] that’s time efficient and short enough to keep the athletes happy but it does yield you important, valid information. (S13) 3 3 13 32
…if I’m in a bit of a rush then I’d just quickly go through and like not really think about it (A02)
Frequency of completion …it was frequent enough to give us good information but not too often that they got really annoyed at it. (S04) 3 2 5 17
…when you’re asking the same questions all the time day after day after day, some of them will just keep the same responses and they won’t be honest, they’ll just want to get this over and done with. (S04)
I think two to three times a week would prevent the chronic stuff and still give a good feel for the acute responses and trends.(S02)
Timing of completion Relative to training …they had to have [their ASRM data] in [prior to training], basically no data no training (S05) 2 2 7 16
…if I do it in the morning its different to what I would have thought in the evening (A08)
Consistent …we said “let’s all do it at the same time every day” so that it becomes habit (C07) 6 3 6 17
…we’re relying on them to go into the system on a regular basis at the same time, and they don’t do that (C03)
Retrospective …if I skip say a week I’d always go back and fill in that week (A05) 8 2 2 14
…it’s more accurate when they do it the day of training rather than the next day or the day after, like giving witness testimony, it’s more accurate the earlier it’s done. (S08)
Data output and analysis Red flag limits …based on certain thresholds in the criteria of each question (S15) 0 1 5 7
Format of data output …it comes as a summary statement to my email account (C02) 0 7 13 87
...there is a lot of information there the moment [it’s] difficult to get all that information in a concise, easy to analyse/report format to be able to then use. (S01)
Data presentation …they want to get information back quickly, easily in a format that is discernible to them...and the coach may want to see a little graph or just a warning. So does the information meet the criteria of what the coach wants? (C02) 1 5 15 64
The number of interviewees and total number of meaning units contributing to each lower-order theme are presented. Participant code follows each meaning unit. SSMS=Sports Science and Medicine Staff.