Table 1. The joints angle and ROM on pivot foot of different squat width and throwing type (deg). Data are means (┬▒standard deviation).
Movement General-stance Wide-stance Significant source F(1,11) p-value Notes
Pivot Weight-shift: Pivot Weight-shift:
Pivot foot
Hip
Flex/Ext 116.6 (11.1) 118.3 (11.9) 127.0 (12.6) 129.7 (15.2) Squat width 11.987 .005 Wide>General
Abd/Add 35.7 (7.9) 44.5 (6.7) 34.9 (6.8) 45.3 (6.9) Throwing type 29.723 .000 Weight-shift>Pivot
Rotation 55.8 (10.0) 64.4 (14.4) 30.7 (9.2) 35.6 (8.2)
Knee
Flex/Ext 106.9 (9.4) 105.8 (15.9) 96.6 (9.1) 86.6 (14.5) Squat width 20.774 .001 General>Wide
Abd/Add 27.1 (7.6) 37.2 (10.9) 27.1 (9.6) 36.5 (9.8) Throwing type 70.550 .000 Weight-shift>Pivot
Rotation 37.1 (11.6) 37.3 (12.0) 33.2 (11.8) 35.0 (15.5)
Ankle
DorFlex/PlaFlex 53.4 (11.1) 56.9 (11.0) 55.0 (11.4 56.7 (12.7)
Inv/Ever 24.6 (7.9) 28.6 (6.8) 25.1 (8.8) 27.0 (8.1)
Rotation 34.1┬▒10.7 37.6 (10.7) 30.7 (9.2) 35.6 (8.2)
Stride foot
Hip
Flex/Ext 61.5 (11.6) 92.7 (13.9) 78.1 (17.3) 113.2 (15.5) Squat width 30.621 .000 Wide >General
Throwing type 140.348 .000 Weight-shift>Pivot
Abd/Add 61.4 (5.8) 59.4 (5.6) 60.9 (6.5) 60.3 (3.1)
Rotation 54.3 (17.7) 71.0 (12.7) 50.9 (12.3) 67.7 (11.4 Throwing type 35.899 .000 Weight-shift>Pivot
Knee
Flex/Ext 105.7 (11.0) 114.6 (16.8) 90.1 (10.7) 97.3 (14.3) Squat width 48.216 .000 General>Wide
Throwing type 14.842 .003 Weight-shift>Pivot
Abd/Add 28.1 (6.8) 33.2 (8.9) 27.5 (8.7) 31.2 (9.2) Throwing type 10.355 .008 Weight-shift>Pivot
Rotation 42.6 (19.3) 45.7 (22.1) 37.5 (12.9) 38.9 (17.5)
Ankle
DorFlex/PlaFlex 44.8 (10.6) 53.1 (9.9) 50.1 (10.6) 54.7 (8.7) Throwing type 27.362 .000 Weight-shift>Pivot
Inv/Ever 28.5 (9.1) 27.6 (6.4) 22.2 (7.2) 23.2 (7.0) Squat width 17.308 .002 General>Wide
Rotation 30.5 (15.5) 30.9 (6.6) 29.0(9.2) 28.4 (4.8)
Flex/Ext = Flexion/Extension; Abd/Add = Abduction/Adduction; DorFlex/PlaFlex = Dorsiflexion/Plantarflexion; Inv/Ever = Inversion/Eversion