Table 1. Dietary intake and energy expenditure variables before and after eight weeks of protein and/carbohydrate supplementation and resistance training. Data are presented as means (┬▒standard deviations).
Variable Group Day 0 Day 57 Day 57 + Supplement
Total Calories (kcals/day) HPC 2559.4 (524.7) 2421.4 (428.8) 3,816.1 (465.1)
HC 2735.4 (798.4) 2568.1 (916.8) 3,669.2 (789.5)
Protein (grams/day) HPC 109.1 (38.7) 119.5 (76.2) 213.5 (63.2)
HC 109.2 (44.5) 90.4 (42.1)
Carbohydrates (grams/day) HPC 372.1 (97.2) 336.6 (93.7) 494.6 (84.8)
HC 325.4 (69.6) 285.0 (82.1) 597.0 (71.0)
Fat (grams/day) HPC 111.8 (36.7) 100.8 (25.4) 122.8 (20.7)
HC 114.5 (44.3) 103.8 (51.1)
TDEE (kcals/day) HPC 2120.7 (145.9) 2167.2 (145.0)
HC 2130.7 (127.5) 2148.3 (130.5)
TDEE represents total daily energy expenditure. There were no significant differences between Day 0 and 57 for either group, nor were there any significant differences between groups at Day 0 and 57 for total calories and the gram amount of protein, carbohydrates, and fat (p > 0.05). + Supplement indicates the mean daily values for each nutritional variable due to also consuming the supplement. HPC = high protein + carbohydrate; HC = high carbohydrate