Table 3. Leg mass characteristics of the kicking limb for accurate and inaccurate kickers (expressed in absolute and relative (to body mass) quantities). Values are expressed as mean (±SD).

 Accurate 
Inaccurate 
Effect (d) 
Absolute Mass 
Lean (g) 
11913 (1170) 
11806 (1720) 
.07 
Fat (g) 
1764(483) 
3017 (1179) ** 
1.39 ^{b} 
Total (g) 
14281 (1496) 
15461 (2567) 
.56 ^{d} 
Relative Mass 
Lean (g) 
14.8 (.7) 
13.4 (1.1) ** 
1.46 ^{b} 
Fat (g) 
2.2 (.5) 
3.4 (1.0) ** 
1.50 ^{b} 
Total (g) 
17.7 (.5) 
17.5 (.8) 
.30 ^{d} 
Playing experience = total playing experience in years; Sig. = significance level; Effect = effect size; PPM = correlation coefficient between mass and kicking accuracy
** = statistical significance (α ≤ 0.01)
* = statistical significance (α ≤ 0.05)
a = very large effect (d ≥ 2.0)
b = large effect (d ≥ 0.2).
c = moderate effect (d ≥ 0.6)
d = small effect (d ≥ 0.2).