Table 3. Lumbar, shoulder, and neck isometric test results. Data are means (SEM).
| CE (n = 10) |
SE (n = 10) |
60° Isometric Lumbar Flexion PT (Nm) |
BE |
170(14) |
161(11) |
AE |
173(11) |
194(12)** |
60° Isometric Lumbar Extension PT (Nm) |
BE |
286(19) |
316(25) |
AE |
351(21)** |
416(25)** |
30° Isometric Right Shoulder Abduction PT (Nm) |
BE |
52.9 (3.8) |
58.3 (3.7) |
AE |
52.9 (2.1) |
71.5 (3.7)**˒†† |
30° Isometric Left Shoulder Abduction PT (Nm) |
BE |
50.4 (3.1) |
55.3 (3.4) |
AE |
50.8 (2.1) |
68.5 (3.1)**˒††† |
Isometric Neck Flexion (kg) |
BE |
14.4 (1.0) |
14.7 (.9) |
AE |
15.6 (1.1) |
19.4 (.6)**˒†† |
Isometric Neck Extension (kg) |
BE |
19.5 (.9) |
19.6 (.7) |
AE |
20.3 (.9) |
24.7 (.5)**˒†† |
†† p < 0.01
SEM: Standard error means; SE: Supported exercise group; CE: Conventiona exercise group; BE: Before exercise; AE: After exercise; PT: Peak torque
** p < 0.01: statistical significance level within groups before and after exercise
††† p < 0.001: statistical significance level between groups.