Table 4. Lumbar, shoulder, and neck isokinetic test results. Data are means (SEM).
CE (n = 10) SE (n = 10)
60°PT(Nm) 120°PT(Nm) TW (J) 60°PT(Nm) 120°PT(Nm) TW (J)
Isokinetic Lumbar Flexion (Nm) BE 154(7) 131 (7.6) 1982(108) 143 (8.4) 121 (8.8) 1643(138)
AE 156 (7.9) 128 (7.1) 2094(122) 179 (9.7)** 149 (9.9)* 2279(189)**˒
Isokinetic Lumbar Extension (Nm) BE 257 (20.3) 216.6 (17.6) 3201(283) 256 (24.5) 215 (21.2) 3120(336)
AE 314 (18.9)** 265 (15.6)** 4094(324)** 334 (23.6)** 272 (22.9)** 4120(371)**
Right Shoulder Abduction PT (Nm) BE 47.2 (2.4) 48.3(2) 658(81) 47.6 (2.3) 49.4 (2.4) 671(91)
AE 43.8 (1.1) 45.8 (1.9) 619(67) 70 (4.4)**˒††† 66.2 (2.4)**˒††† 1153(93)**˒†††
Left Shoulder Abduction PT (Nm) BE 42.2 (2.5) 48.9 (1.4) 437(41) 46.5 (2.2) 51 (1.6) 578(44)
AE 41.4 (1.7) 48.4(2) 448(48) 63(3.8)**˒††† 58.2(3) 1068(72)**˒†††
Right Shoulder Horizontal Abduction PT (Nm) BE 51 (2.3) 45.3 (2.7) 663(57) 53.8 (3.4) 45.7 (2.5) 561(54)
AE 50.5 (2.9) 43.4(2) 606(50) 75(5)**˒†† 66.9(3.1)**˒††† 839(67)**˒
Left Shoulder Horizontal Abduction PT (Nm) BE 49.2 (3.1) 45.3(3) 667(55) 51.6 (3.4) 47.1 (2.6) 647(61)
AE 49.1 (3.2) 46.9 (2.7) 674(60) 71(3.6)**˒††† 68.7(4)**˒††† 905(71)**˒
60°PT(Nm) 90°PT(Nm) TW(J) 60°PT(Nm) 90°PT(Nm) TW(J)
Neck Flexion(Nm) BE 31.5 (2.1) 15.5 (1.2) 272 (16.9) 30.9 (1.6) 17.6 (1.0) 287(8.6)
AE 32.7 (2.3) 18.1 (1.4) 291 (16.3) 40.2 (1.3)**˒†† 23.6 (1.4)*˒†† 344 (11.5)**˒
Neck Extension (Nm) BE 43.9 (2.6) 25 (1.4) 378 (27.3) 41.1 (2.6) 26.7 (1.7) 355 (23.7)
AE 45.9 (2.8) 28.6 (2.4) 408.1 (22.8) 60.3 (2.9)**˒†† 38.9 (1.9)**˒†† 493 (22.2)**˒
SEM: Standard error means; SE: Supported exercise group; CE: Conventional exercise group; BE: Before exercise; AE: After exercise; 60°: 60°/s velocity; 90°: 90°/s angular velocity; 120°: 120°/s angular velocity; TW: Total Work; PT: Peak torque; n: Number of patients
* p < 0.05
** p < 0.01; statistical significance level with in groups before and after exercise
† p< 0.05
††p < 0.01
††† p < 0.001: statistical significance level between groups.