Table 4. Values of arithmetic means (Mean) and standard deviations (SD) of angular velocities in joints at the moment of contact of the racket with the ball (Vcont) in individual tests (degree/s). Data are means (±SD).
FH1 FH2 FH3 BH1 BH2 BH3
VcontRAFE 15.62(54.13) -4.63(54.27) 7.54(52.22) 63.00(73.94) 45.29(63.34) 65.27(97.17)
VcontLAFE 49.65(113.4) 43.93(105.88) 50.21(102.13) 14.70(62.22) -10.75(58.94) 7.65(47.96)
VcontRKFE -37.97(80.97) -46.10(100.95) -17.76(138.26) -104.38(73.43) -106.54(73.82) -106.85(80.67)
VcontLKFE -31.65(76.69) -20.95(109.07) 2.42(90.91) -19.65(96.38) -11.37(91.76) 4.04(86.26)
VcontRHAA -32.17(69.91) -27.79(66.92)* -27.73(70.53) 68.28(71.40) 93.29(77.13) 103.59(99.55)
VcontLHAA 45.21(60.45) 15.1665.80) 67.48(72.87) -45.52(72.27) -72.42(79.76) -76.93(82.42)
VcontRHFE -198.41(110.29) -206.74(155.02) -237.03(127.49) -30.21(70.87) -53.95(83.46) -16.82(89.43)
VcontLHFE 79.34(106.97) 5.26(188.00) 103.71(110.37) -87.31(103.79) -138.68(88.43) -107.45(118.86)
VcontRHIE -93.00(158.11) -135.05(159.22) -131.98(183.8) 36.93(62.85) 30.68(62.44) 79.47(94.71)
VcontLHIE -68.69(141.27) -154.74(183.50) -92.07(153.00) -43.65(73.81) -59.90(82.20) -34.54(95.86)
VcontPRot 218.90(122.41) 160.42(208.77) 248.39(132.84) -88.45(67.69) -113.43(78.74) -139.18(92.55)
VcontPTilt -53.48(38.87)* -81.37(53.66) -67.57(43.17) -1.86(38.65) -19.10(37.68) -2.56(38.81)
VcontPObli -18.41(40.20) -20.63(46.34) -6.02(40.26) 31.03(47.32) 40.9048.05) 56.22(62.90)
VcontSRot 397.03(126.73) 321.68(251.92) 403.79(221.86) -35.79(111.00)* -98.50(119.23) -77.38(158.93)
VcontSTilt -241.14(75.89) -326.42(85.68) -302.32(92.97) -79.45(79.44) -99.44(85.62) -71.77(116.26)
VcontSObli 60.41(62.00) 100.53(105.12) 93.03(100.57) 37.97(59.34) 61.04(58.86) 53.17(76.25)
VcontRShFE 246.21(320.34) 285.26(384.53) 348.55(79.02) 188.48(86.37) 185.43(117.01) 199.48(145.04)
VcontRShAA -43.55(90.03) -23.16(128.49) 26.50(85.09) 8.48(69.39) -54.01(77.94) 46.69(131.23)
VcontRShIE -219.10(550.35)* -264.00(608.23)* -328.12(636.71)* 608.79(216.59) 745.04(190.53) 541.34(238.24)
VcontREPS -89.85(97.67) -43.58(136.77) -155.84(123.83) -533.69(222.36) -724.15(202.57) -410.71(216.75)
VcontREFE 40.96(87.01) 43.37(75.67) -21.64(142.22) -468.93(141.41) -301.06(122.47)* -512.85(157.310
VcontRWAA 29.23(46.77) 54.84(94.35) 6.10(129.03) -260.59(138.38) -206.86(127.00) -256.93(156.73)
VcontRWIE -15.94(89.48) 17.91(31.48) 3.29(59.82) 48.83(96.39)* 27.05(108.31) 15.54(134.13)
VcontRWFE 64.07(92.56) 37.47(101.77) 50.76(128.42) -790.34(537.74) -915.64(311.59) -989.48(346.11)
VcontLWFE -2.45(183.80) -11.32(139.52) 33.83(165.49) 31.03(47.32) -31.89(161.30) -11.38(156.00)
VcontLWIE -10.99(67.40) 15.16(62.71) 6.15(74.60) 1.57(109.50) 17.04(96.48) -0.26(73.350
VcontLWAA 10.03(81.16) 4.83(115.08) 4.23(70.90) -7.15(38.03) -10.48(118.46) -65.20(190.18)
VcontLEFE 214.85(192.89) 195.69(177.53) 188.22(253.69) 16.71(157.73) -49.82(124.18) -35.17(143.23)
VcontLEPS 176.28(779.83) 43.00(145.11) -30.57(116.09) -158.42(181.83) -42.26(149.89) -73.16(183.40)
VcontLShFE 124.24(242.43) 117.26(329.83) 291.55(135.66) -137.69(132.47) -116.48(156.43) -126.00(184.87)
VcontLShAA -68.07(203.14) -74.11(166.36)* -138.25(122.98)* 276.65(164.53) 228.26(212.94) 240.03(219.19)
VcontLShIE 166.86(461.56) 72.14(283.33)* 89.99(253.37) 75.80(164.19) 88.49(147.90) 106.95(161.75)
* - the value of velocity, which correlates to VRmax.
† - the value of velocity, which correlates to VRcont
Wrist joint (W): abduction – adduction (AA) and flexion – extension (FE), elbow joint (E): flexion-extension (FE) and pronation-supination (PS), shoulder joint (Sh): flexion – extension (FE), internal – external rotation (IE) and abduction – adduction (AA), ankle joint (A): flexion – extension (FE), knee joint (K): flexion-extension (FE), hip joint (H): flexion – extension (FE), internal – external rotation (IE) and abduction – adduction (AA), pelvis (P) - obliquity (Obli), tilt (Tilt) and rotation (Rot), and shoulder girdle (S) obliquity (Obli), tilt (Tilt) and rotation (Rot). Minus sign – extension, adduction or external rotation; plus sign – flexion, abduction or internal rotation