Table 1. Characteristics of studies participants and differences in the anthropometric and training characteristics between male elite and sub-elite judo athletes.
Study 1 Study 2
Elite athletes(n = 16) Sub-elite athletes(n = 11) p-value (d) Sub-elite athletes(n = 14)
Performance level international national national
Age (years) 23.4 ± 3.0 15.9 ± 1.1 <.001 (3.08) 17.9 ± .7
Body mass (kg) 90.0 ± 21.9 73.6 ± 12.6 .035 (.87) 79.6 ± 15.2
Body height (m) 1.79 ± .08 1.7 ± .08 .881 (.06) 1.79 ± .09
Training experience (years) 20.8 ± .9 8.5 ± 2.4 <.001 (6.77) 10.6 ± 1.7
Training volume per week (hours) 21.0 ± 1.4 15.4 ± 1.1 <.001 (4.14) 16.6 ± 2.0
Data was shown as mean ± standard deviation (mean ± SD). d = effect size