Table 1. Characteristics of included studies.
Author, year Sample size, gender M/F Mean age, years (SD) Description of PCI Exercise interventions Control interventions Outcome measures Follow-up
Belardinelli, 2001 Exercise:59,49/10Control:59,50/9 53(11)59(10) PCI with or without stent Begin exercise 25d after PCI; 30 min stretching, calisthenics and pedaling; program were supervised by cardiologist 3 times per week lasted 6 months. Basic daily mild physical activities and pharmacological therapy LVEF; LVEDD; cardiac death; myocardial infarction; coronary angioplasty; CABG; restenosis 6 months
Hofman-Bang, 1999 Exercise:46,37/9Control:41,36/5 53(7)53(7) PCI with stent Begin physical exercise after PCI; 4 times per week lasted 12 months. Usual care Myocardial infarction; CABG 24 months
Kubo, 1992 Exercise:18,14/4Control:20,16/4 59(12)58(10) PCI Begin exercise 7d after PCI; 30-40 min treadmill or out-door walk-run program; 6 times per week lasted 12 weeks No exercise Restenosis 12 weeks
Lee, 2013 Exercise:37,30/7Control:37,31/6 58.8 (10.8)60.3(8.7) PCI with drug-eluting stent Begin exercise after PCI; 10 minute warm-up, 40 minute aerobic exercise on a treadmill or bicycle ergometer, 10 minute cool-down phase; supervised exercise under prescription for 6 weeks and community-based / self-managed exercise 6 times per week over 9 months No exercise Cardiac death; myocardial infarction; CABG 9 months
Mei J, 2006 Exercise:150Control:150 67.0 (9.1) PCI with stent Begin exercise after PCI; 10-20 minutes walking every time; 2 times per day and 14 times per week lasted 6 months Usual care Cardiac death; myocardial infarction; coronary angioplasty; CABG; restenosis; angina pectoris 6, 12, 38 months
Munk, 2009 Exercise:20,17/3Control:20,16/4 57(14)61(10) PCI with drug-eluting stent or bare metal stent Begin 11 ± 4 d after PCI; 1 hour of interval training on treadmill or treadmill + strength training; 3 times a week lasted 6 months No exercise and pharmacological therapy Myocardial infarction; coronary angioplasty; CABG;angina pectoris 6 months
Niu F, 2017 Exercise:124,63/61Control:132,73/59 62.63 (2.23)62.32 (2.53) PCI Begin 30 days after PCI; 20-30 minutes walking every time; 2 times per week lasted 8-12 months. Usual care LVEF; cardiac death; myocardial infarction; angina pectoris 6 months
Vasiliauskas, 2007 Exercise:95Control:90 58.4 (4.3)59.5 (5.2) PCI with balloon dilatation Begin shortly after PCI; 1month stationary, 3 months outpatient, 2 months at home; 4 months 20 to 40 min treadmill, 2 months 30–60 min treadmill; 7 times per week lasted 6 months Pharmacological therapy LVEF; LVEDD; CABG; angina pectoris; restenosis; 6MWD 6 months
Wang, 2016 Exercise:29,20/9Control 29,19/10 55.28(3.10)54.14(4.87) PCI with stent Begin exercise after PCI; 30-60 minutes treadmill every time; 3-4 times per week lasted 6 weeks Pharmacological therapy LVEF 6 weeks
Xu, 2017 Exercise:58,46/132Control:60,47/13 56.40(8.12)58.62(7.96) PCI Begin exercise after PCI; 1-2 months 30 to 40 minutes walking, 2-3 months 30–40 minutes rehabilitation gymnastics exercise; 3 times per week lasted 3 months. Usual care LVEF; LVEDD; 6MWD 6 months