Table 4. Average frequency (Mean ± SD, % Total Volume) of swimming and strength & conditioning sessions prescribed weekly to elite swimmers with different event specialisation (sprint, middle and long distance).
General dimensions Higher Order Themes Distance category Statistics (ANOVA)
sprint (n=8) middle (n=7) long (n=3) p-value df F-value Effect size (ƞ2)
I. Swim Sessions
Common Sessions Aerobic 58.3 ± 22.1 37.5 ± 6.7 46.7 ± 5.8 0.067 2 3.26 0.30
VO2/Heart rate 5.0 ± 9.3 14.3 ± 9.8 6.7 ± 11.5 0.204 2 1.77 0.19
Threshold *$ 2.5 ± 4.6 13.2 ± 5.5 23.3 ± 11.5 0.000 2 13.28 0.64
Tolerance * 1.3 ± 3.5 16.2 ± 10.6 10.0 ± 0.0 0.004 2 8.27 0.52
Pure speed *$# 29.2 ± 3.9 17.3 ± 4.6 6.7 ± 11.5 0.000 2 18.66 0.71
Unique sessions 5.0 ± 14.1 1.6 ± 4.2 10.0 ± 0.0 0.584 2 0.56 0.58
II. Strength & Conditioning Sessions
Common Sessions Power $ 32.3 ± 15.7 21.4 ± 2.4 6.7 ± 11.5 0.016 2 5.52 0.42
Strength 44.8 ± 24.0 35.7 ± 7.3 13.3 ± 23.1 0.081 2 2.99 0.29
Unique sessions Hypertrophy 15.6 ± 16.9 7.1 ± 12.2 0.0 ± 0.0 0.239 2 1.56 0.17
Metabolic conditioning *$# 7.3 ± 13.7 35.7 ± 7.3 80.0 ± 34.6 0.000 2 22.05 0.75
Post-hoc paired comparisons: ANOVA power analysis - critical F = 3.68 to achieve effect size of 0.8 at α = 0.05
* p < 0.05 - significant difference between sprint and middle distance groups
$ p < 0.05 - significant difference between sprint and long distance groups
# p < 0.05 - significant difference between middle and long distance groups.