Table 1. Energy intake and expenditure, energy balance, macronutrient and fiber intake of bodybuilders before (M1) and after weighing (M2). Values are expressed as mean and standard deviation (SD).
Parameters NC (n = 9) CL (n = 15)
Age 26.2 ± 4.9 27.3 ± 5.0
Training experience (years) 8.8 ± 2.8 9.2 ± 2.9
Body fat (%) 6.7 ± 0.7 6.6 ± 0.9
Fat mass (g) 8.4 ± 1.2 8.5 ± 1.0
Fat free mass (g) 72.2 ± 5.5 70.8 ± 7.8
M1 M2 M1 M2
Energy intake (Kcal/d) 1897.6 ± 240.2 2983.9 ± 125.8* 2034.8 ± 242.0 # 3591.7 ± 259.9*
Energy expenditure (Kcal/d) 3156.5 ± 137.0 3151.0 ± 135.0 3121.3 ± 204.0 3151.0 ± 206.8
Energy balance (Energy intake-expenditure) -1258.9 ± 341.6 -193.1 ± 83.2* -1086.5 ± 243.5 440.6 ± 170.0*
Energy avalability (Kcal/kg FFM) 22.3 ± 4.0 33 ± 1.8* 24.6 ± 3.0 41 ± 3.1*
Protein intake Grams 266.3 ± 51.0 205.8 ± 66.5* 252.4 ± 57.5 46.6 ± 28.4*
% total energy 51.9 ± 6.5 52.9 ± 6.6 28.8 ± 5.2# 5.2 ± 3.2*
Carbohydrate intake Grams/ kg body mass 0.9 ± 0.6 5.2 ± 0.9* 1.1 ± 0.4 9.0 ± 0.7*
% total energy 14.8 ± 8.9 55.7 ± 5.5* 16.8 ± 6.5 80.4 ± 3.7*
Lipid intake Grams 70.6 ± 15.9 55.6 ± 12.5* 68.1 ± 15.9 56.8 ± 27.9*
% total energy 32.3 ± 6.6 16.7 ± 8.1* 31.3 ± 8.0 14.4 ± 3.7*
Fiber intake Grams 12.8 ± 2.0 14.9 ± 2.2 13.2 ± 2.2 15.0 ± 1.9
* Significant difference vs M1.
# Significant difference vs NC at M1.
Significant difference vs NC at M2.