Table 2. Changes in muscle thicknesses in both groups. Data are presented as means±SD.
S SU p value
PRE POST PRE POST Time Group Interaction
AF, mm 33.8 ± 5.0 34.4 ± 4.7 †† 34.2 ± 3.8 33.8 ± 3.6 0.482 0.950 <0.01
AA, mm 23.9 ± 4.7 24.6 ± 4.7 †† 24.6 ± 4.5 24.4 ± 4.2 0.180 0.869 <0.05
PA, mm 20.0 ± 6.6 22.1 ± 6.5 17.7 ± 5.1 18.8 ± 5.3 <0.01 0.191 0.294
A, mm 7.9 ± 2.5 8.3 ± 2.3 8.9 ± 2.3 9.8 ± 2.4 <0.01 0.138 0.198
AT, mm 26.8 ± 5.9 30.3 ± 5.9 †† 26.4 ± 6.8 28.2 ± 6.6†† <0.01 0.571 <0.05
PT, mm 49.1 ± 8.0 51.3 ± 8.8 †† 50.2 ± 7.4 50.0 ± 7.5 <0.05 0.973 <0.05
AL, mm 22.3 ± 3.9 22.8 ± 3.5 21.8 ± 3.6 21.8 ± 3.3 0.145 0.566 0.170
PL, mm 57.1 ± 7.6 58.0 ± 7.9 57.1 ± 6.6 56.8 ± 6.8 0.273 0.804 0.055
S, supervised training; SU, combination of supervised and unsupervised training; PRE, before training; POST, after 12 weeks of training; AF, the anterior aspect of the forearm; AA, the anterior aspect of the upper arm; PA, the posterior aspect of the upper arm; A, the abdomen; AT, the anterior aspect of the thigh; PT, the posterior aspects of the thigh; AL, the anterior aspect of the lower leg; PL, the posterior aspect of the lower leg.
†† p < 0.01 vs. PRE.