Table 5. Results of physical fitness in experimental and control group. Values are means ± SD.
Variables Experimental (n = 86) Control (n = 82)
Pre Post Percent change Pre Post Percent change
30-s Chair Stand (reps) 12.2 ± 6.3 14.2 ± 6.1* 16 11.7 ± 5.2 12.5 ± 5.2* 7
30-s Arm Curl (reps) 17.3 ± 7.1 20.0 ± 7.2* 39 15.2 ± 5.0 16.0 ± 5.9* 5
2-min Step Test 79.1 ± 33.6 87.8 ±33.8* 11 81.2 ± 30.0 83.9 ± 30.4* 3
Chair Sit-and-Reach (cm) 0.51 ± 9.4 3.2 ± 7.6 * 540 0.7 ± 9.1 1.1 ± 9.1 57
Back Scratch (cm) 11.6 ± 12.8 8.1 ± 11.2* 30 3.0 ± 14.2 2.8 ± 13.8 6
8-Foot Up-and-Go (s) 9.58 ± 6.09 8.34 ± 5.47* 9 9.03 ± 5.5 9.4 ± 5.1 4
Handgrip Strength (kg) 32.6 ± 15.2 37.1 ± 16.0 * 14 38.1 ± 17.7 38.5 ± 17.9 1
Significant baseline differences between groups for Back Scratch was established (p < 0.05)
* Indicates significant difference pre- versus post at p < 0.05;
† significant difference experimental vs. control at p < 0.05.