Table 3. Simultaneous changes in physical fitness and blood lipid concentration over the two years.
2 year change in blood lipid concentrations
Clustered lipid score NonHDL-C
(mg/dl)
TG
(mg/dl)
HDL-C
(mg/dl)
LDL-C
(mg/dl)
β p β p β p β p β p
2 year change in physical fitness
Handgrip strength (kg) Boys 0.170 0.334 0.224 0.263 -0.032 0.843 -0.182 0.336 0.183 0.354
Girls 0.064 0.671 -0.111 0.516 0.155 0.355 -0.086 0.613 -0.186 0.275
Standing long jump (cm) Boys 0.025 0.821 0.195 0.098 -0.103 0.377 0.066 0.557 0.138 0.346
Girls 0.070 0.456 0.094 0.373 -0.058 0.582 -0.066 0.545 0.119 0.267
Bent-leg sit up (times) Boys -0.105 0.312 -0.042 0.718 -0.098 0.389 0.103 0.342 0.024 0.828
Girls 0.006 0.959 -0.053 0.649 0.112 0.334 0.034 0.777 -0.125 0.257
Ball throw (m) Boys -0.040 0.869 0.158 0.557 -0.268 0.298 0.075 0.764 0.282 0.289
Girls 0.026 0.849 0.103 0.506 -0.082 0.590 0.003 0.987 0.115 0.450
50m sprinting (s) Boys -0.096 0.336 -0.070 0.534 -0.123 0.254 0.049 0.634 0.030 0.789
Girls 0.042 0.649 0.090 0.388 -0.011 0.917 -0.017 0.868 0.088 0.398
Side-step (times) Boys 0.171 0.099 0.045 0.698 0.150 0.187 -0.160 0.136 -0.042 0.716
Girls -0.111 0.279 -0.127 0.244 -0.047 0.669 0.060 0.595 -0.058 0.592
20 m shuttle run (times) Boys -0.235 0.230 -0.168 0.422 -0.149 0.471 0.151 0.443 -0.105 0.629
Girls 0.002 0.992 -0.260 0.186 0.094 0.631 -0.119 0.551 -0.272 0.172
Sit-and-reach (cm) Boys 0.088 0.357 0.111 0.547 -0.121 0.245 -0.020 0.847 0.167 0.510
Girls 0.081 0.357 0.125 0.202 -0.032 0.748 -0.040 0.698 0.116 0.241
HDL-C: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; TG: triglyceride; LDL-C: low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Data are presented as a standardized partial regression coefficient (B). Multilevel linear regressions were used to examine changes in physical fitness over the 2-year period (independent variable) was associated with the change in blood lipid concentrations over two years (dependent variable) after adjusting for baseline age, baseline BMI-SDS, changes in BMI-SDS over the 2-year (i.e., ΔBMI-SDS), a baseline corresponding blood lipid concentration (e.g., when the change in non-HDL-C concentration was modeled as the dependent variable, the analysis was adjusted for the baseline non-HDL-C concentration) and the baseline corresponding physical fitness (e.g., when the change in handgrip strength was modeled as the independent variable, the analysis was adjusted for the baseline handgrip strength).
HDL-C: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; TG: triglyceride; LDL-C: low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Data are presented as a standardized partial regression coefficient (B). Multilevel linear regressions were used to examine changes in physical fitness over the 2-year period (independent variable) was associated with the change in blood lipid concentrations over two years (dependent variable) after adjusting for baseline age, baseline BMI-SDS, changes in BMI-SDS over the 2-year (i.e., ΔBMI-SDS), a baseline corresponding blood lipid concentration (e.g., when the change in non-HDL-C concentration was modeled as the dependent variable, the analysis was adjusted for the baseline non-HDL-C concentration) and the baseline corresponding physical fitness (e.g., when the change in handgrip strength was modeled as the independent variable, the analysis was adjusted for the baseline handgrip strength).