Table 3. The relationship between digital media use and physical activity – comparison between normal times and during COVID-19 interventions.
Media use variable During normal times During COVID- 19 Intervention
Effect estimate 95% Confidence Limits p-value Effect estimate 95% Confidence Limits p-value
Total digital media -0.103 -0.157 -0.049 <.0001 -0.082 -0.130 -0.033 <.0001
Smartphone -0.207 -0.310 -0.104 <.0001 -0.104, , †‡‡ -0.210 0.002 0.0539
TV -0.299 -0.429 -0.167 <.0001 -0.147, †‡ -0.259 -0.035 0.0103
PC 0.019, , †‡, †‡‡ -0.072 0.110 0.6807 -0.049, ‡‡, †‡‡, ‡‡‡ -0.135 0.038 0.2692
Gaming console -0.177, ‡‡‡ -0.412 0.058 0.1404 -0.207, , ‡‡ -0.372 -0.043 0.0134
Total social media -0.155 -0.229 -0.082 <.0001 -0.061, -0.120 -0.003 0.0407
‡‡‡ working hours
†‡‡ second job;
†‡ vocational degree;
‡‡ free time;
Adjusted for: † Sex;
‡ age;