Table 2b. Turn performances [s] from 5 m before to 5 m and 10 m after wall contact of the eight female finalists (fastest) compared to the eight slowest female swimmers from the heats by a 2-way analysis of variance (ANOVA).
Type of turn ANOVA
BU to BA turn BA to BR turn BR to FR turn F-value P-value pη2
100 m IM 5 m in fastest 2.69 ± 0.09 2.94 ± 0.07 * BR/FR 3.50 ± 0.19 * BU/BA (a) F(1 | 42) = 32 < 0.001 0.43
slowest 2.91 ± 0.25 3.25 ± 0.22 BU/BA, BR/FR 3.88 ± 0.21 BU/BA (b) F(2 | 42) = 96 < 0.001 0.82
(c) F(2 | 42) = 1 n.s.
5 m out fastest 2.83 ± 0.14 2.74 ± 0.16 * 2.84 ± 0.07 * (a) F(1 | 42) = 62 < 0.001 0.59
slowest 2.97 ± 0.16 3.31 ± 0.26 BU/BA 3.22 ± 0.11 (b) F(2 | 42) = 3 0.04 0.14
(c) F(2 | 42) = 7 < 0.01 0.25
10 m out fastest 5.54 ± 0.08 * 6.38 ± 0.22 * BU/BA, BR/FR 5.83 ± 0.18 * (a) F(1 | 42) = 146 < 0.001 0.78
slowest 6.26 ± 0.33 7.52 ± 0.31 BU/BA, BR/FR 6.47 ± 0.22 (b) F(2 | 42) = 84 < 0.001 0.80
(c) F(2 | 42) = 5 0.01 0.20
Total turn time fastest 8.24 ± 0.15 * 9.32 ± 0.22 * BU/BA 9.33 ± 0.23 * BU/BA (a) F(1 | 42) = 116 < 0.001 0.73
slowest 9.17 ± 0.55 10.77 ± 0.47 BU/BA 10.36 ± 0.39 BU/BA (b) F(2 | 42) = 62 < 0.001 0.75
(c) F(2 | 42) = 2 n.s.
200 m IM 5 m in fastest 2.96 ± 0.07 * 3.30 ± 0.12 * BU/BA, BR/FR 3.76 ± 0.06 * BU/BA (a) F(1 | 42) = 58 < 0.001 0.58
slowest 3.22 ± 0.08 3.63 ± 0.16 BU/BA, BR/FR 4.05 ± 0.23 BU/BA (b) F(2 | 42) = 152 < 0.001 0.88
(c) F(2 | 42) = 0 n.s.
5 m out fastest 2.99 ± 0.08 2.75 ± 0.18 * 3.00 ± 0.13 * (a) F(1 | 42) = 44 < 0.001 0.51
slowest 3.13 ± 0.11 3.23 ± 0.21 3.24 ± 0.13 (b) F(2 | 42) = 3 n.s.
(c) F(2 | 42) = 6 < 0.01 0.21
10 m out fastest 6.20 ± 0.16 * 6.71 ± 0.31 * BU/BA, BR/FR 6.12 ± 0.13 * (a) F(1 | 42) = 85 < 0.001 0.67
slowest 6.64 ± 0.26 7.54 ± 0.28 BU/BA, BR/FR 6.67 ± 0.16 (b) F(2 | 42) = 54 < 0.001 0.72
(c) F(2 | 42) = 3 n.s.
Total turn time fastest 9.16 ± 0.16 * 10.02 ± 0.28 * BU/BA 9.88 ± 0.14 * BU/BA (a) F(1 | 42) = 143 < 0.001 0.77
slowest 9.86 ± 0.27 11.29 ± 0.42 BU/BA, BR/FR 10.72 ± 0.26 BU/BA (b) F(2 | 42) = 75 < 0.001 0.78
(c) F(2 | 42) = 5 0.01 0.19
400 m IM 5 m in fastest 3.23 ± 0.15 * 3.63 ± 0.18 BU/BA, BR/FR 4.00 ± 0.16 BU/BA (a) F(1 | 42) = 32 < 0.001 0.43
slowest 3.58 ± 0.16 3.88 ± 0.18 BU/BA, BR/FR 4.21 ± 0.17 BU/BA (b) F(2 | 42) = 70 < 0.001 0.77
(c) F(2 | 42) = 1 n.s.
5 m out fastest 3.18 ± 0.21 3.04 ± 0.31 * 3.21 ± 0.13 (a) F(1 | 42) = 28 < 0.001 0.40
slowest 3.38 ± 0.12 3.46 ± 0.17 3.44 ± 0.07 (b) F(2 | 42) = 1 n.s.
(c) F(2 | 42) = 2 n.s.
10 m out fastest 6.68 ± 0.31 * 7.11 ± 0.45 * BR/FR 6.42 ± 0.19 * (a) F(1 | 42) = 40 < 0.001 0.49
slowest 7.13 ± 0.29 7.75 ± 0.22 BU/BA, BR/FR 6.88 ± 0.16 (b) F(2 | 42) = 31 < 0.001 0.59
(c) F(2 | 42) = 1 n.s.
Total turn time fastest 9.92 ± 0.30 * 10.74 ± 0.55 * BU/BA 10.42 ± 0.22 (a) F(1 | 42) = 42 < 0.001 0.50
slowest 10.72 ± 0.35 11.97 ± 0.87 BU/BA, BR/FR 11.09 ± 0.28 (b) F(2 | 42) = 19 < 0.001 0.47
(c) F(2 | 42) = 1 n.s.
IM: Individual Medley, BU: Butterfly, BA: Backstroke, BR: Breaststroke, FR Freestyle, n.s.: not significant. (a) Main effect group: fastest vs. slowest swimmers (b) Main effect type of turn: BU to BA turn vs. BA to BR turn vs. BR to FR turn (c) Interaction effect: group x type of turn Post-hoc comparisons:
* significant difference to slowest swimmers BU/BA, BA/BR, BR/FR significant difference to particular type of turn