Table 3. Results of subgroup analysis. 
Subgroup 
Subgroup 
Number of studies 
Std diff in means (95%CI) 
ZValue 
pValue 
Q statistics 
Acute 
Hamstrings 
3 
0.440 (0.8780.001) 
1.964 
0.050 

Plantar flexors 
4 
1.118 (2.311  0.074) 
1.838 
0.066 

Overall 
7 
0.520 (0.932  0.109) 
2.478 
0.013 * 
(Q = 1.096, df (Q) = 1, p = 0.295) 
Longterm 
Hamstrings 
4 
0.466 (0.871  0.061) 
2.255 


Plantar flexors 
6 
0.986 (2.206  0.234) 
1.585 


Overall 
10 
0.518 (0.902  0.133) 
2.639 
 (Q = 0.630, df (Q) = 1, p = 0.427) 
Male 
5 
0.348 (0.696  0.000) 
1.958 
0.050 

Mixed and female 
5 
1.412 (3.0340.210) 
1.706 
0.088 

Overall 
10 
0.395 (0.736  0.054) 
2.273 
0.000 * 
(Q = 1.579, df (Q) = 1, p = 0.209) 

Std diff in means, standardized difference in means; 95% CI. 95% confidence interval; mixed, male and female; 
* Significant difference within a group. 
