Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine


Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2012) 11, 409 - 417
Research article
Bioharness Multivariable Monitoring Device: Part. II: Reliability
James A. Johnstone1,, Paul A. Ford3, Gerwyn Hughes1, Tim Watson2, Andrew T. Garrett4

1 School of Life Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, UK
2 School of Health and Emergency Professions, University of Hertfordshire, UK
3 British Olympic Association, London, UK
4 Department of Sport, Health and Exercise Science, University of Hull, UK

James A. Johnstone
✉ School of Life Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, AL10 9AB, UK

30-03-2012 -- Accepted: 04-05-2012 --
Published (online): 01-09-2012


The Bioharness monitoring system may provide physiological information on human performance but the reliability of this data is fundamental for confidence in the equipment being used. The objective of this study was to assess the reliability of each of the 5 Bioharness variables using a treadmill based protocol. 10 healthy males participated. A between and within subject design to assess the reliability of Heart rate (HR), Breathing Frequency (BF), Accelerometry (ACC) and Infra-red skin temperature (ST) was completed via a repeated, discontinuous, incremental treadmill protocol. Posture (P) was assessed by a tilt table, moved through 160°. Between subject data reported low Coefficient of Variation (CV) and strong correlations(r) for ACC and P (CV< 7.6; r = 0.99, p < 0.01). In contrast, HR and BF (CV~19.4; r~0.70, p < 0.01) and ST (CV 3.7; r = 0.61, p < 0.01), present more variable data. Intra and inter device data presented strong relationships (r > 0.89, p < 0.01) and low CV (<10.1) for HR, ACC, P and ST. BF produced weaker relationships (r < 0.72) and higher CV (<17.4). In comparison to the other variables BF variable consistently presents less reliability. Global results suggest that the Bioharness is a reliable multivariable monitoring device during laboratory testing within the limits presented.

Key words: Physiological technology, reproducibility of measurement, exercise
Key Points
  • Heart rate and breathing frequency data increased in variance at higher velocities (i.e. ≥ 10 km.h)
  • In comparison to the between subject testing, the intra and inter reliability presented good reliability in data suggesting placement or position of device relative to performer could be important for data collection
  • Understanding a devices variability in measurement is important before it can be used within an exercise testing or monitoring setting


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    Tim Watson, Andrew T. Garrett, Gerwyn Hughes, Paul A. Ford, James A. Johnstone, (2012) Bioharness Multivariable Monitoring Device: Part. II: Reliability. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (11), 409 - 417.

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