Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
from September 2014
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2005) 04, 29 - 36

Research article
Respiratory Gas Exchange Indices for Estimating the Anaerobic Threshold
Geir Solberg1, Bjørn Robstad1, Ole Henning Skjønsberg1,2, Fredrik Borchsenius2, 
Author Information
1 Faculty Division, Ullevål University Hospital, University of Oslo, Norway
2 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Ullevål University Hospital, Oslo, Norway

Fredrik Borchsenius
✉ Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Ullevål University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
Publish Date
Received: 05-10-2004
Accepted: 16-12-2004
Published (online): 01-03-2005

Several methods are used for estimating the anaerobic threshold (AT) during exercise. The aim of the present study was to compare AT values based on blood lactate measurements with those obtained from computerised calculations of different respiratory gas indices. Twelve healthy, well-trained men performed a stepwise incremental test on both treadmill and cycle ergometer. Respiratory gases were measured continuously, and blood samples were drawn every third minute. AT was determined, based on 1) blood lactate concentrations (Lactate-AT), 2) respiratory exchange ratio (RER-AT), 3) V- slope method (Vslope-AT), and 4) ventilatory equivalent for VO2 (EqO2-AT). Lactate-AT and RER-AT values showed similar values, both on treadmill and on cycle ergometer. EqO2-AT showed a trend towards lower values for AT, while Vslope-AT gave significantly lower values for AT for both exercise modes. Bland-Altman plots showed an even distribution of data for RER-AT, while a more scattered and skewed distribution of data was observed when EqO2-AT and Vslope-AT were compared with Lactate-AT. The study demonstrates that RER-based estimates of AT correlate well with the blood lactate-based AT determination. The RER method is non-invasive and simple to perform, and, in the present study, seemed to be the best respiratory index for estimation of AT.

Key words: Anaerobic threshold, exercise test

           Key Points
  • Anaerobic threshold can reliably be estimated by respiratory gas indices in well fit subjects.
  • Sophisticated computerassisted equations are not superior to the use of a simple cut-off value of Respiratory Exchange Ratio in estimating the anaerobic threshold.
  • Estimation of anaerobic threshold, by using a pre-defined cut-off value for Respiratory Exchange Ratio, is non- invasive and simple to perform in a respiratory laboratory.
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