Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine ( 2006 ) 05 , 440 - 448

Research article
Muscle Fatigue Increases Metabolic Costs of Ergometer Cycling without Changing VO Slow Component
Aivaras Ratkevicius1, , Arvydas Stasiulis2, Loreta Dubininkaite2, Albertas Skurvydas2
Author Information
1 School of Medical Sciences, College of Life Sciences & Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Forresterhill, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
2 Department of Applied Physiology and Health Education, Lithuanian Academy of Physical Education, Sporto 6, Kaunas 3000, Lithuania

Aivaras Ratkevicius
✉ School of Medical Sciences, College of Life Sciences & Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Forresterhill, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, U.K.
Email: a.ratkevicius@abdn.ac.uk
Publish Date
Received: 10-05-2006
Accepted: 26-07-2006
Published (online): 01-09-2006
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ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate effects of muscle fatigue on oxygen costs of ergometer cycling and slow component of pulmonary oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics. Seven young men performed 100 drop jumps (drop height of 40 cm) with 20 s of rest after each jump. After the subsequent hour of rest, they cycled at 70, 105, 140 and 175 W, which corresponded to 29.6 ± 5.4, 39.4 ± 7.0, 50.8 ± 8.4 and 65.8 ± 11.8 % of VO2peak, respectively, for 6 min at each intensity with 4-min intervals of rest in between the exercise bouts. The VO2 response to cycling after the exercise (fatigue condition) was compared to ergometer cycling without prior exercise (control condition). From 3rd to 6th min of cycling at 105, 140 and 175 W, VO2 was higher (p < 0.05-0.01) when cycling in the fatigue compared to the control condition. Slow component of VO2 kinetics was observed when cycling at 175 W in the control condition (0.17 ± 0.09, l·min-1, mean ± SD), but tended to decrease in the fatigue condition (0.13 ± 0.15 l·min-1). In summary, results of the study are in agreement with the hypothesis that muscle fatigue increases oxygen costs of cycling exercise, but does not affect significantly the slow component of pulmonary oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics.

Key words: Muscle fatigue, energy cost, oxygen uptake, oxygen consumption slow component


           Key Points
  • Repetitive fatiguing exercise induce an increase in metabolic costs of ergometer cycling exercise.
  • It is argued that muscle pain, muscle temperature, elevated pulmonary ventilation and heart rate, shift towards from carbohydrate to fat metabolism are of minor importance in this phenomenon.
  • Increased recruitment of type II fibres and impaired force transmission between muscle fibres due to damage of structural proteins appear to play the major role in reducing efficiency of ergometer cycling.
 
 
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