Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Views
5495
Download
29
from September 2014
 
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine ( 2010 ) 09 , 587 - 596

Research article
Foot and Lower Limb Diseases in Runners: Assessment of Risk Factors
Francesco Di Caprio , Roberto Buda, Massimiliano Mosca, Antonino Calabro’, Sandro Giannini
Author Information
Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute, Italy

Francesco Di Caprio
✉ Istituti Ortopedici Rizzoli, Via Pupilli 1, 40136, Bologna, Italy
Email: fra.dicaprio@gmail.com
Publish Date
Received: 26-07-2010
Accepted: 15-9-2010
Published (online): 01-12-2010
Share this article
 
 
ABSTRACT

The present study analyzed the impact of the running style and the morphologic and functional characteristics of the foot on the incidence of non-traumatic foot and lower limb disorders in runners. From January 2004 to December 2008, we prospectively examined 166 runners, both recreational and competitive, involved in various running specialities, from three athletics clubs in Northern Italy. They were 86 males and 80 females, with a mean age of 31.1 ± 12.2 years. We considered non-traumatic foot and lower limb diseases reported during the follow-up period, which resulted in a minimum sport rest of two weeks. The incidence of these diseases was examined with respect to general characteristics, type of activity, foot morphology, running style. 59% of athletes reported one or more diseases. The most common were plantar fasciitis (31% of athletes) and Achilles tendinopathies (24%). Overall, the more prone to injuries were males (60.9% of cases), competitive runners (70.9%), middle-distance runners (51.7%), and those using spike shoes (80.3%). Age, body weight and height were not important predictors of running injuries in general. Considering the morphological characteristics of the foot, the most prone to injury were the varus hindfoot (87.5% of cases) and the cavus arch (71.4%). In conclusion, a deep knowledge of the factors predisposing runners to specific diseases, often chronic and highly debilitating for the athlete, may allow implementing effective therapeutic measures.

Key words: Running, foot, disease.


           Key Points
  • Examination of 166 runners during a period of five years of activity.
  • The incidence of these diseases was examined with respect to general characteristics, type of activity, foot morphology, running style.
  • 59% of athletes reported one or more diseases. The most common were plantar fascitis (31% of athletes) and Achilles tendinopathies (24%).
  • Overall, the more prone to injuries were males (60.9% of cases), competitive runners (70.9%), middle-distance runners (51.7%), and those using spike shoes (80.3%).
  • Age, body weight and height were not important predictors of running injuries in general.
  • The most prone to injury were the varus hindfoot (87.5% of cases) and the cavus arch (71.4%).
 
 
Home Issues About Authors
Contact Current Editorial board Authors instructions
Email alerts In Press Mission For Reviewers
Archive Scope
Supplements Statistics
Most Read Articles
  Most Cited Articles
 
    
 
JSSM | Copyright 2001-2019 | All rights reserved. | LEGAL NOTICES | Publisher

It is forbidden the total or partial reproduction of this web site and the published materials, the treatment of its database, any kind of transition and for any means, either electronic, mechanic or other methods, without the previous written permission of the JSSM.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.