Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine ( 2014 ) 13 , 137 - 144

Research article
Factorial Validity and Internal Consistency of the Motivational Climate in Physical Education Scale
Markus Soini1, Jarmo Liukkonen1, , Anthony Watt2, Sami Yli-Piipari3, Timo Jaakkola1
Author Information
1 Department of Sport Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Finland
2 College of Education, Victoria University, Australia
3 Department of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Memphis, USA

Jarmo Liukkonen
✉ Department of Sport Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Finland
Email: jarmo.liukkonen@jyu.fi
Publish Date
Received: 27-05-2013
Accepted: 09-10-2013
Published (online): 20-01-2014
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ABSTRACT

The aim of the study was to examine the construct validity and internal consistency of the Motivational Climate in Physical Education Scale (MCPES). A key element of the development process of the scale was establishing a theoretical framework that integrated the dimensions of task- and ego involving climates in conjunction with autonomy, and social relatedness supporting climates. These constructs were adopted from the self-determination and achievement goal theories. A sample of Finnish Grade 9 students, comprising 2,594 girls and 1,803 boys, completed the 18-item MCPES during one physical education class. The results of the study demonstrated that participants had highest mean in task-involving climate and the lowest in autonomy climate and ego-involving climate. Additionally, autonomy, social relatedness, and task- involving climates were significantly and strongly correlated with each other, whereas the ego- involving climate had low or negligible correlations with the other climate dimensions.The construct validity of the MCPES was analyzed using confirmatory factor analysis. The statistical fit of the four-factor model consisting of motivational climate factors supporting perceived autonomy, social relatedness, task-involvement, and ego-involvement was satisfactory. The results of the reliability analysis showed acceptable internal consistencies for all four dimensions. The Motivational Climate in Physical Education Scale can be considered as psychometrically valid tool to measure motivational climate in Finnish Grade 9 students.

Key words: Students, self-determination, goal orientation, psychometric properties


           Key Points
  • This study developed Motivational Climate in School Physical Education Scale (MCPES). During the development process of the scale, the theoretical framework using dimensions of task- and ego involving as well as autonomy, and social relatedness supporting climates was constructed. These constructs were adopted from the self-determination and achievement goal theories.
  • The statistical fit of the four-factor model of the MCPES consisting of motivational climate factors supporting perceived autonomy, social relatedness, task-involvement, and ego-involvement was satisfactory. Additionally, the results of the reliability analysis showed acceptable internal consistencies for all four dimensions.
  • The results of the study demonstrated that participants had highest mean in task-involving climate and the lowest in autonomy climate.
  • Autonomy, social relatedness, and task climate were significantly and strongly correlated with each other, whereas the ego climate factor had low or negligible correlations with the other three factors.
 
 
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