Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine ( 2014 ) 13 , 338 - 348

Research article
Evaluation of the Physical Activity Biography: Sport and Transport
Sandra Rogen1, Peter Hofmann2, , Thomas Bauernhofer3, Wolfram Müller1
Author Information
1 Institute of Biophysics, Medical University of Graz, Austria
2 Institute of Sports Science, Karl-Franzens University of Graz, Austria
3 Medical University of Graz, Austria

Peter Hofmann
✉ Institute of Sports Science, Karl-Franzens University of Graz, Austria
Email: peter.hofmann@uni-graz.at
Publish Date
Received: 27-09-2013
Accepted: 31-12-2013
Published (online): 01-05-2014
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ABSTRACT

Beside the genetic disposition, physical activity (PA) is one of the major health factors and can play a large role in the prevention and therapy of many diseases (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, obesity-related diseases etc.). In contrast to the genetic disposition, PA can be deliberately influenced by lifestyle. Therefore, it is of high importance to assess PA patterns. In order to assess PA reliably and validly, a new questionnaire (Physical Activity Biography, PAB) was created. The PAB assesses recreational PA (sport and transport) and enables to distinguish between endurance intensity levels and considers strength and high speed activity patterns throughout life. This study aims to evaluate the PAB by means of item analysis, retest-reliability and validity (criteria were physical fitness assessed by the questionnaire FFB-mot and by exercise tests). 141 participants answered the PAB. For deriving retest-reliability, 81 participants completed the PAB after a retest-interval of one month again. 55 participated in exercise tests and answered the FFB-mot to determine construct validity. Retest-reliability (ICC) above 0.7 was found for most items. For the items assessing recent PA, the criteria of convergent and discriminant validity were given. Despite the complexity of the question under study, the results fulfilled the expectations concerning reliability and validity. The PAB enables to assess the amount of sport and locomotion a person has accomplished during different life time frames and, because of the protective effects of PA on various diseases, may become an important tool for risk assessment.

Key words: questionnaire, physical fitness, metabolic equivalent, reliability and validity


           Key Points
  • The risk of chronic diseases depends largely on physical activity biography.
  • A new questionnaire (PAB) assessing recent and lifetime physical activity was created.
  • The PAB assesses physical activity during sports and transport.
  • The results of the evaluation of the PAB fulfilled the expectations.
  • The PAB enables to determine a person’s amount of recreational physical activity.
 
 
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