Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
from September 2014
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2014) 13, 358 - 364

Research article
Performance Indicators Related to Points Scoring and Winning in International Rugby Sevens
Dean G. Higham1,2,3, , Will G. Hopkins4, David B. Pyne1,2, Judith M. Anson2
Author Information
1 Physiology, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, Australia
2 University of Canberra, Research Institute for Sport and Exercise, Canberra, Australia
3 Australian Rugby Union, Sydney, Australia
4 Sport and Recreation, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand

Dean G. Higham
✉ Physiology, Australian Institute of Sport, PO Box 176, Belconnen ACT, Australia 2617
Publish Date
Received: 27-09-2013
Accepted: 09-01-2014
Published (online): 01-05-2014

Identification of performance indicators related to scoring points and winning is needed to inform tactical approaches to international rugby sevens competition. The aim of this study was to characterize team performance indicators in international rugby sevens and quantify their relationship with a team’s points scored and probability of winning. Performance indicators of each team during 196 matches of the 2011/2012 International Rugby Board Sevens World Series were modeled for their linear relationships with points scored and likelihood of winning within (changes in team values from match to match) and between (differences between team values averaged over all matches) teams. Relationships were evaluated as the change and difference in points and probability of winning associated with a two within- and between-team standard deviations increase in performance indicator values. Inferences about relationships were assessed using a smallest meaningful difference of one point and a 10% probability of a team changing the outcome of a close match. All indicators exhibited high within-team match-to-match variability (intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.00 to 0.23). Excluding indicators representing points-scoring actions or events occurring on average less than once per match, 13 of 17 indicators had substantial clear within-team relationships with points scored and/or likelihood of victory. Relationships between teams were generally similar in magnitude but unclear. Tactics that increase points scoring and likelihood of winning should be based on greater ball possession, fewer rucks, mauls, turnovers, penalties and free kicks, and limited passing.

Key words: Match analysis, modeling, notational analysis, performance analysis, rugby union, statistics

           Key Points
  • Successful international rugby sevens teams tend to maintain ball possession; more frequently avoid taking the ball into contact; concede fewer turnovers, penalties and free kicks; retain possession in scrums, rucks and mauls; and limit passing the ball.
  • Selected performance indicators may be used to evaluate team performances and plan more effective tactical approaches to competition.
  • There is greater match-to-match variability in performance indicator values within than between international rugby sevens teams.
  • The priorities for a rugby sevens team’s technical and tactical preparation should reflect the magnitudes of the relationships between performance indicators, points scoring and the likelihood of winning.
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