Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine ( 2015 ) 14 , 1 - 8

Review article
A Commentary on Real-Time Biofeedback to Augment Neuromuscular Training for ACL Injury Prevention in Adolescent Athletes
Adam W. Kiefer1-3, , Adam M. Kushner1, John Groene1, Christopher Williams1, Michael A. Riley3, Gregory D. Myer1,2,4,5
Author Information
1 Division of Sports Medicine, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH USA
2 Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH USA
3 Center for Cognition, Action and Perception, Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH USA
4 The Sports Health and Performance Institute, OSU Sports Medicine, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, OH USA
5 The Micheli Center for Sports Injury Prevention, Waltham, MA, USA

Adam W. Kiefer
✉ Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave, MLC 10001, Cincinnati, OH 45229; USA
Email: adam.kiefer@cchmc.org
Publish Date
Received: 30-07-2015
Accepted: 02-10-2014
Published (online): 01-03-2015
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ABSTRACT

Anterior cruciate ligament injury and the associated long-term sequelae, such as immediate reductions in physical inactivity, increased adiposity and increased risk of osteoarthritis throughout adulthood, are a major health concern for adolescent athletes. Current interventions for injury prevention may have limited effectiveness, are susceptible to issues of compliance and have not achieved the widespread acceptance necessary to promote full adoption. Neuromuscular training (NMT) is a well-established training intervention introduced to affect change in modifiable biomechanical risk factors to reduce the risk of injury in these athletes. Despite moderate success, neuromuscular training is still limited by its reliance on subjective feedback and after the fact (i.e., offline) objective feedback techniques. The purpose of this commentary is to discuss technological tools that could be used to enhance and objectify targeted biofeedback interventions to complement NMT. Electromyography, force plates, motion sensors, and camera-based motion capture systems are innovative tools that may have realistic feasibility for integration as biofeedback into NMT programs to improve training outcomes. Improved functional deficit identification and corrective analysis may further improve and optimize athletic performance, and decrease the risk of sports-related injury during sport performance.

Key words: Neuromuscular training, anterior cruciate ligament injury, biofeedback, electromyography, force platforms, motion sensors, 3D motion capture


           Key Points
  • Specific, targeted interventions that isolate injury risk factors and can help correct modifiable neuromuscular deficits are essential.
  • Current training interventions for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention have only demonstrated limited effectiveness and have not achieved the widespread acceptance necessary to promote full adoption to reduce ACL injury rates.
  • The paper provides an overview of innovative strategies and technological tools that could be used to enhance and objectify targeted biofeedback interventions to complement neuromuscular training (NMT) including electromyography, force plates, motion sensors, and camera-based motion capture systems.
  • These strategies utilize biomechanical, physiological, or neuromotor variables for training, automate the quantitative measurement of those variables through a variety of technological modalities, and then feed those measured variables via software to provide information in simplified form for online, visual biofeedback displays.
 
 
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